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Mouse embryo model derived exclusively from embryonic stem cells undergoes neurulation and heart development

Lau, Kasey Y. C. and Rubinstein, Hernan and Gantner, Carlos W. and Hadas, Ron and Amadei, Gianluca and Stelzer, Yonatan and Zernicka-Goetz, Magdalena (2022) Mouse embryo model derived exclusively from embryonic stem cells undergoes neurulation and heart development. Cell Stem Cell, 29 (10). 1445-1458.e8. ISSN 1934-5909. PMCID PMC9648694. doi:10.1016/j.stem.2022.08.013.

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Several in vitro models have been developed to recapitulate mouse embryogenesis solely from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Despite mimicking many aspects of early development, they fail to capture the interactions between embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. To overcome this difficulty, we have developed a mouse ESC-based in vitro model that reconstitutes the pluripotent ESC lineage and the two extraembryonic lineages of the post-implantation embryo by transcription-factor-mediated induction. This unified model recapitulates developmental events from embryonic day 5.5 to 8.5, including gastrulation; formation of the anterior-posterior axis, brain, and a beating heart structure; and the development of extraembryonic tissues, including yolk sac and chorion. Comparing single-cell RNA sequencing from individual structures with time-matched natural embryos identified remarkably similar transcriptional programs across lineages but also showed when and where the model diverges from the natural program. Our findings demonstrate an extraordinary plasticity of ESCs to self-organize and generate a whole-embryo-like structure.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Gantner, Carlos W.0000-0003-0825-7786
Hadas, Ron0000-0001-9301-6607
Amadei, Gianluca0000-0001-5405-968X
Stelzer, Yonatan0000-0001-9207-1479
Zernicka-Goetz, Magdalena0000-0002-7004-2471
Additional Information:The authors would like to thank David Glover for helpful comments, Yoav Mayshar for his assistance with sample collection for scRNA-seq, Netta Reines for technical support with scRNA-seq processing, Joana Cerveira and Mercedes Cabrera Jarana from the flow cytometry facility from the School of the Biological Sciences, University of Cambridge for their assistance in this work, and Jacob Hanna and Alejandro Aguilera-Castrejon for providing a pressurizing chamber that we used for the last day of embryo culture. The grants to M.Z.-G. that supported this work are: NIH Pioneer Award (DP1 HD104575-01), the Allen Discovery Center for Lineage Tracing, European Research Council (669198), the Wellcome Trust (207415/Z/17/Z), Open Philanthropy/Silicon Valley Community Foundation, and Weston Havens Foundation. The grants to Y.S. that supported this work are from the European Research Council (ERC_StG 852865) and the Helen and Martin Kimmel Stem Cell Institute. K.Y.C.L. is supported by the Croucher Foundation and the Cambridge Trust. C.W.G. is supported by a Leverhulm Early Career Research Fellowship. Research in the M.Z.-G. and Y.S. labs is supported by the Schwartz/Reisman Collaborative Science Program. Data and code availability: • scRNA-seq data have been deposited at ArrayExpress and are publicly available as of the date of publication. Accession number is listed in the key resources table. • Code used in the study has been deposited at Zenodo and is publicly available as of the date of publication. DOI is listed in the key resources table. • Any additional information required to reanalyze the data reported in this paper is available from the lead contact upon request.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NIHDP1 HD104575-01
Allen Discovery Center for Lineage TracingUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)669198
Wellcome Trust207415/Z/17/Z
Open PhilanthropyUNSPECIFIED
Silicon Valley Community FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Weston Havens FoundationUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)852865
Helen and Martin Kimmel Stem Cell InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Croucher FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Cambridge TrustUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
Schwartz/Reisman Collaborative Science ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:10
PubMed Central ID:PMC9648694
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20221122-564647900.8
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:117995
Deposited By: Research Services Depository
Deposited On:07 Dec 2022 18:05
Last Modified:07 Dec 2022 18:05

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