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Geological, multispectral, and meteorological imaging results from the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover in Jezero crater

Bell, James F., III and Maki, Justin N. and Alwmark, Sanna and Ehlmann, Bethany L. and Fagents, Sarah A. and Grotzinger, John P. and Gupta, Sanjeev and Hayes, Alexander and Herkenhoff, Ken E. and Horgan, Briony H. N. and Johnson, Jeffrey R. and Kinch, Kjartan B. and Lemmon, Mark T. and Madsen, Morten B. and Núñez, Jorge I. and Paar, Gerhard and Rice, Melissa and Rice, James W. and Schmitz, Nicole and Sullivan, Robert and Vaughan, Alicia and Wolff, Mike J. and Bechtold, Andreas and Bosak, Tanja and Duflot, Louise E. and Fairén, Alberto G. and Garczynski, Brad and Jaumann, Ralf and Merusi, Marco and Million, Chase and Ravanis, Eleni and Shuster, David L. and Simon, Justin and St. Clair, Michael and Tate, Christian and Walter, Sebastian and Weiss, Benjamin and Bailey, Alyssa M. and Bertrand, Tanguy and Beyssac, Olivier and Brown, Adrian J. and Caballo-Perucha, Piluca and Caplinger, Michael A. and Caudill, Christy M. and Cary, Francesca and Cisneros, Ernest and Cloutis, Edward A. and Cluff, Nathan and Corlies, Paul and Crawford, Kelsie and Curtis, Sabrina and Deen, Robert and Dixon, Darian and Donaldson, Christopher and Barrington, Megan and Ficht, Michelle and Fleron, Stephanie and Hansen, Michael and Harker, David and Howson, Rachel and Huggett, Joshua and Jacob, Samantha and Jensen, Elsa and Jensen, Ole B. and Jodhpurkar, Mohini and Joseph, Jonathan and Juarez, Christian and Kah, Linda C. and Kanine, Oak and Kristensen, Jessica and Kubacki, Tex and Lapo, Kristiana and Magee, Angela and Maimone, Michael and Mehall, Greg L. and Mehall, Laura and Mollerup, Jess and Viúdez-Moreiras, Daniel and Paris, Kristen and Powell, Kathryn E. and Preusker, Frank and Proton, Jon and Rojas, Corrine and Sallurday, Danny and Saxton, Kim and Scheller, Eva and Seeger, Christina and Starr, Mason and Stein, Nathan and Turenne, Nathalie and Van Beek, Jason K. and Winhold, Andrew G. and Yingling, Rachel (2022) Geological, multispectral, and meteorological imaging results from the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover in Jezero crater. Science Advances, 8 (47). Art. No. eabo4856. ISSN 2375-2548. PMCID PMC9683734. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abo4856.

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Perseverance’s Mastcam-Z instrument provides high-resolution stereo and multispectral images with a unique combination of spatial resolution, spatial coverage, and wavelength coverage along the rover’s traverse in Jezero crater, Mars. Images reveal rocks consistent with an igneous (including volcanic and/or volcaniclastic) and/or impactite origin and limited aqueous alteration, including polygonally fractured rocks with weathered coatings; massive boulder-forming bedrock consisting of mafic silicates, ferric oxides, and/or iron-bearing alteration minerals; and coarsely layered outcrops dominated by olivine. Pyroxene dominates the iron-bearing mineralogy in the fine-grained regolith, while olivine dominates the coarse-grained regolith. Solar and atmospheric imaging observations show significant intra- and intersol variations in dust optical depth and water ice clouds, as well as unique examples of boundary layer vortex action from both natural (dust devil) and Ingenuity helicopter–induced dust lifting. High-resolution stereo imaging also provides geologic context for rover operations, other instrument observations, and sample selection, characterization, and confirmation.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription CentralArticle
Bell, James F., III0000-0002-2006-4074
Maki, Justin N.0000-0002-7887-0343
Alwmark, Sanna0000-0002-0146-9324
Ehlmann, Bethany L.0000-0002-2745-3240
Fagents, Sarah A.0000-0002-3943-3335
Grotzinger, John P.0000-0001-9324-1257
Gupta, Sanjeev0000-0001-6415-1332
Hayes, Alexander0000-0001-6397-2630
Herkenhoff, Ken E.0000-0002-3153-6663
Horgan, Briony H. N.0000-0001-6314-9724
Johnson, Jeffrey R.0000-0002-5586-4901
Kinch, Kjartan B.0000-0002-4629-8880
Lemmon, Mark T.0000-0002-4504-5136
Madsen, Morten B.0000-0001-8909-5111
Núñez, Jorge I.0000-0003-0930-6674
Paar, Gerhard0000-0003-3198-8640
Rice, Melissa0000-0002-8370-4139
Schmitz, Nicole0000-0001-6481-6189
Sullivan, Robert0000-0003-4191-598X
Vaughan, Alicia0000-0002-2853-4843
Wolff, Mike J.0000-0002-1127-8329
Bechtold, Andreas0000-0001-7018-1685
Bosak, Tanja0000-0001-5179-5323
Duflot, Louise E.0000-0001-5732-2009
Fairén, Alberto G.0000-0002-2938-6010
Garczynski, Brad0000-0002-7668-3675
Jaumann, Ralf0000-0002-9759-6597
Merusi, Marco0000-0003-0570-9177
Million, Chase0000-0003-2732-3486
Ravanis, Eleni0000-0002-0911-4341
Shuster, David L.0000-0003-2507-9977
Simon, Justin0000-0002-3969-8958
St. Clair, Michael0000-0002-7877-3148
Tate, Christian0000-0003-3467-0099
Walter, Sebastian0000-0003-2692-6162
Weiss, Benjamin0000-0003-3113-3415
Bertrand, Tanguy0000-0002-2302-9776
Beyssac, Olivier0000-0001-8879-4762
Brown, Adrian J.0000-0002-9352-6989
Caballo-Perucha, Piluca0000-0002-9570-2595
Caudill, Christy M.0000-0003-2587-1147
Cary, Francesca0000-0001-9217-0960
Cisneros, Ernest0000-0003-3859-058X
Cloutis, Edward A.0000-0001-7301-0929
Corlies, Paul0000-0002-6417-9316
Crawford, Kelsie0000-0001-7496-7546
Deen, Robert0000-0002-5693-641X
Dixon, Darian0000-0003-1042-3069
Donaldson, Christopher0000-0002-0919-8397
Barrington, Megan0000-0002-2900-713X
Fleron, Stephanie0000-0001-7413-3912
Hansen, Michael0000-0001-8144-5412
Harker, David0000-0001-6397-9082
Howson, Rachel0000-0002-1891-4308
Jacob, Samantha0000-0001-9950-1486
Jensen, Elsa0000-0002-9825-2534
Jodhpurkar, Mohini0000-0002-5125-6650
Juarez, Christian0000-0003-3321-8084
Kah, Linda C.0000-0001-7172-2033
Kanine, Oak0000-0002-9204-6107
Magee, Angela0000-0001-5414-8519
Maimone, Michael0000-0003-0828-4661
Mollerup, Jess0000-0001-5285-9501
Viúdez-Moreiras, Daniel0000-0001-8442-3788
Powell, Kathryn E.0000-0002-1281-1551
Preusker, Frank0000-0001-9005-4202
Proton, Jon0000-0003-2085-2748
Rojas, Corrine0000-0002-2791-9805
Sallurday, Danny0000-0001-7917-1483
Scheller, Eva0000-0002-9981-5802
Seeger, Christina0000-0003-4993-9724
Starr, Mason0000-0002-7523-9273
Stein, Nathan0000-0003-2199-6751
Turenne, Nathalie0000-0003-3972-8472
Van Beek, Jason K.0000-0002-6772-4914
Winhold, Andrew G.0000-0003-1699-1868
Yingling, Rachel0000-0001-7368-443X
Additional Information:Funding for the U.S.-based authors of this work was provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Mars 2020 Project, either directly or via subcontracts from the California Institute of Technology’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Arizona State University (subcontract 1511125). S.A. was supported by the Swedish Research Council (grant no. 2017-06388). E.A.C. was supported by the Canadian Space Agency (grant no. 19PACOI04) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (grant no. RGPIN-2021-02995 and RGPIN-2015-04582). G.P. and A.B. were funded via ESA PRODEX contract PEA 4000117520 Mars 2020 Mastcam-Z 3D Vision. Participation by K.B.K., M.B.M., S.F., M.H., O.B.J., and J.K. was made possible by support from Carlsberg Foundation grant CF19-0023, the Danish taxpayers, and Her Majesty the Queen of Denmark, Margrethe II. M.Me. is supported by the E.U.’s Horizon 2020 programme under Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 801199. A.G.F. was supported by the European Research Council, consolidator grant no. 818602.
Group:Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Swedish Research Council2017-06388
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)19PACOI04
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)RGPIN-2021-02995
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)RGPIN-2015-04582
European Space Agency (ESA)PEA 4000117520
Carlsberg FoundationCF19-0023
Marie Curie Fellowship801199
European Research Council (ERC)818602
Issue or Number:47
PubMed Central ID:PMC9683734
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20221212-615150000.2
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:118294
Deposited By: Research Services Depository
Deposited On:13 Dec 2022 02:01
Last Modified:13 Dec 2022 21:04

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