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Selective in vivo damage by "visible" light of BrdU-containing mitochondrial DNA in a thymidine kinase-deficient mouse cell line with persistent mitochondrial enzyme activity

Croizat, B. and Attardi, G. (1975) Selective in vivo damage by "visible" light of BrdU-containing mitochondrial DNA in a thymidine kinase-deficient mouse cell line with persistent mitochondrial enzyme activity. Journal of Cell Science, 19 (1). pp. 69-84. ISSN 0021-9533.

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The selective incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into mitochondrial DNA (mit-DNA) in the LM(TK-) Cl ID cell line, a thymidine kinase-deficient derivative of L, fibrobla8ts with persistent mitochondrial enzyme activity, has been utilized to specifically damage mit-DNA by 'visible' light irradiation. ('Visible light' indicates the source of light used, although the components most active photochemically on BrdU-substituted DNA are in the near-visible range, 300—340 nm.) (Szybalski & Opara-Kubinski, 1965). LM(TK-) Cl ID cells, which had been grown in the presence of 30 µg/ml BrdU, were irradiated with 'visible' light. Analysis of the pre-existing mit-DNA in these cells, which had been long-term labelled with [5-3H]deoxycytidine, showed a progressive decrease, with increasing duration of irradiation, in the proportion of the closed-circular form and an increase in that of the open-circular form of mit-DNA, with the subsequent appearance of fragments of this DNA. Furthermore, there was a decrease during irradiation in the total amount of mit-DNA, which became about 35% of the non-irradiated control after 65 h irradiation. On the other hand, irradiation with 'visible' light failed to cause any quantitative or qualitative change, with respect to the non-irradiated control, in mit-DNA from cells grown in the absence of BrdU and long-term labelled with [Me-3H]thymidine. An analysis of the incorporation of [5-3H]deoxycytidine into mit-DNA of BrdU-grown cells, during a 3-h exposure of the cells to the precursor following irradiation, showed a fairly rapid decline of mit-DNA labelling; this became about 50% of the non-irradiated control after 12 h irradiation, decreasing to about 25% in the next 48 h. By contrast, no effect of irradiation was observed on the subsequent pulse-labelling of mit-DNA with [Me-3H] thymidine in cells grown in the absence of BrdU. Furthermore, no change in the size of the extracted nuclear DNA was found in irradiated BrdU-grown cells. The progressive and selective damage and destruction of mit-DNA during irradiation with 'visible' light of Cl ID cells correlate fairly well with the kinetics of loss of cell viability occurring under the same conditions, as described in the accompanying paper, strongly suggesting a link between the two phenomena.

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Additional Information:© The Company of Biologists Ltd 1975. {Received 24 March 1975) This work was supported by USPHS grant No. GM-11726. B.C. was supported by a Gosney Fellowship and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France.
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U.S. Public Health ServiceGM-11726
Gosney research fund, CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:CROjcs75
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ID Code:11876
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Deposited On:08 Oct 2008 17:36
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 10:22

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