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Simulation of Aerosol Dynamics: A Comparative Review of Algorithms Used in Air Quality Models

Zhang, Yang and Seigneur, Christian and Seinfeld, John H. and Jacobson, Mark Z. and Binkowski, Francis S. (1999) Simulation of Aerosol Dynamics: A Comparative Review of Algorithms Used in Air Quality Models. Aerosol Science and Technology, 31 (6). pp. 487-514. ISSN 0278-6826. doi:10.1080/027868299304039.

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A comparative review of algorithms currently used in air quality models to simulate aerosol dynamics is presented. This review addresses coagula tion, condensational growth, nucleation, and gas particle mass transfer. Two major approaches are used in air quality models to represent the particle size distribution: (1) the sectional approach in which the size distribution is discretized into sections and particle properties are assumed to be constant over particle size sections and (2) the modal approach in which the size distribution is approxi mated by several modes and particle properties are assumed to be uniform in each mode. The sectional approach is accurate for coagulation and can reproduce the major characteristics of the evolution of the particle size distribution for condensa tional growth with the moving-center and hybrid algorithms. For coagulation and condensational growth, the modal approach provides more accurate results when the standard deviations of the modes are allowed to vary than it does when they are fixed. Predictions of H₂SO₄ nucleation rates are highly sensitive to environ mental variables and simulation of relative rates of condensation on existing particles and nucleation is a preferable approach. Explicit treatment of mass transfer is recommended for cases where volatile species undergo different equilib rium reactions in different particle size ranges (e.g., in the presence of coarse salt particles). The results of this study provide useful information for use in selecting algorithms to simulate aerosol dynamics in air quality models and for improving the accuracy of existing algorithms.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Seigneur, Christian0000-0002-3079-4839
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Jacobson, Mark Z.0000-0002-4315-4128
Binkowski, Francis S.0000-0002-2701-1258
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) under Contract A-21-2. Thanks are due to CRC for constructive comments.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Coordinating Research CouncilA-21-2
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20230222-175085400.5
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:119453
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Feb 2023 19:21
Last Modified:22 Feb 2023 19:21

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