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A Study of the Methods of Interpretation of Electron-Diffraction Photographs of Gas Molecules, with Results for Benzene and Carbon Tetrachloride

Pauling, Linus and Brockway, L. O. (1934) A Study of the Methods of Interpretation of Electron-Diffraction Photographs of Gas Molecules, with Results for Benzene and Carbon Tetrachloride. Journal of Chemical Physics, 2 (12). pp. 867-881. ISSN 0021-9606. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:PAUjcp34

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Abstract

The reliability and accuracy of the visual method of interpreting electron-diffraction photographs, consisting in the correlation of values of (4π sin ν/2) / λ obtained by visual measurement of rings of apparent maximum and minimum intensity with x values from a simplified theoretical curve (Eq. (7) or (8)), have been tested in the following ways: (a) The measurement and interpretation of "artificial electron-diffraction photographs" of bromine; (b) the comparison of electron-diffraction and bandspectral values of interatomic distances for bromine, chlorine and iodine chloride; (c) the study of microphotometer records for benzene, and comparison of results with those of the visual method; (d) the study of micro photometer records for carbon tetrachloride, and comparison with the visual method. It is concluded that the visual method when carefully applied leads to values of interatomic distances accurate to about 1 percent (probable error), or to ½ percent in favorable cases. The regular plane hexagon model of the benzene molecule is verified, the carbon-carbon distance in the ring being determined as 1.390±0.005A. The carbon-chlorine distance in the carbon tetrachloride molecule is determined as 1.760±0.005A. A brief discussion of the methods and results of other investigators is given.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1749410DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 1934 American Institute of Physics. Received September 17, 1934.
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:PAUjcp34
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:PAUjcp34
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11963
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:14 Oct 2008 19:44
Last Modified:02 Mar 2020 21:14

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