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Chemical and oxygen isotopic compositions of accretionary rim and matrix olivine in CV chondrites: Constraints on the evolution of nebular dust

Cosarinsky, Mariana and Leshin, Laurie A. and MacPherson, Glenn J. and Guan, Yunbin and Krot, Alexander N. (2008) Chemical and oxygen isotopic compositions of accretionary rim and matrix olivine in CV chondrites: Constraints on the evolution of nebular dust. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72 (7). pp. 1887-1913. ISSN 0016-7037. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.12.025.

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A correlation of petrography, mineral chemistry and in situ oxygen isotopic compositions of fine-grained olivine from the matrix and of fine- and coarse-grained olivine from accretionary rims around Ca–Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) and chondrules in CV chondrites is used here to constrain the processes that occurred in the solar nebula and on the CV parent asteroid. The accretionary rims around Leoville, Vigarano, and Allende CAIs exhibit a layered structure: the inner layer consists of coarse-grained, forsteritic and ¹⁶O-rich olivine (Fa₁₋₄₀ and Δ¹⁷O = −24‰ to −5‰; the higher values are always found in the outer part of the layer and only in the most porous meteorites), whereas the middle and the outer layers contain finer-grained olivines that are more fayalitic and ¹⁶O-depleted (Fa₁₅₋₅₀ and Δ¹⁷O = −18‰ to +1‰). The CV matrices and accretionary rims around chondrules have olivine grains of textures, chemical and isotopic compositions similar to those in the outer layers of accretionary rims around CAIs. There is a correlation between local sample porosity and olivine chemical and isotopic compositions: the more compact regions (the inner accretionary rim layer) have the most MgO- and ¹⁶O-rich compositions, whereas the more porous regions (outer rim layers around CAIs, accretionary rims around chondrules, and matrices) have the most MgO- and ¹⁶O-poor compositions. In addition, there is a negative correlation of olivine grain size with fayalite contents and Δ¹⁷O values. However, not all fine-grained olivines are FeO-rich and ¹⁶O-poor; some small (<1 μm in Leoville and 5–10 μm in Vigarano and Allende) ferrous (Fa_(>20)) olivine grains in the outer layers of the CAI accretionary rims and in the matrix show significant enrichments in ¹⁶O (Δ¹⁷O = −20‰ to −10‰). We infer that the inner layer of the accretionary rims around CAIs and, at least, some olivine grains in the finer portions of accretionary rims and CV matrices formed in an ¹⁶O-rich gaseous reservoir, probably in the CAI-forming region. Grains in the outer layers of the CAI accretionary rims and in the rims around chondrules as well as matrix may have also originated as ¹⁶O-rich olivine. However, these olivines must have exchanged O isotopes to variable extents in the presence of an ¹⁶O-poor reservoir, possibly the nebular gas in the chondrule-forming region(s) and/or fluids in the parent body. The observed trend in isotopic compositions may arise from mixtures of ¹⁶O-rich forsterites with grain overgrowths or newly formed grains of ¹⁶O-poor fayalitic olivines formed during parent body metamorphism. However, the observed correlations of chemical and isotopic compositions of olivine with grain size and local porosity of the host meteorite suggest that olivine accreted as a single population of ¹⁶O-rich forsterite and subsequently exchanged Fe–Mg and O isotopes in situ in the presence of aqueous solutions (i.e., fluid-assisted thermal metamorphism).

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Guan, Yunbin0000-0002-7636-3735
Krot, Alexander N.0000-0002-2278-8519
Additional Information:We gratefully acknowledge reviews and comments by Rhian Jones, Mike Weisberg and an anonymous reviewer, as well as the editorial handling by Hiroko Nagahara. This study was partially supported by NASA Grants NAG5-7540 (L.A.L.), NAG5-10468 (G.J.M.), NAG5-13131 (A.N.K.), and NNG06GG07G (Kevin D. McKeegan).
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Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20230307-650032000.18
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:119724
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:12 Mar 2023 19:51
Last Modified:12 Mar 2023 19:51

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