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Origin of magnetite in oxidized CV chondrites: in situ measurement of oxygen isotope compositions of Allende magnetite and olivine

Choi, Byeon-Gak and McKeegan, Kevin D. and Leshin, Laurie A. and Wasson, John T. (1997) Origin of magnetite in oxidized CV chondrites: in situ measurement of oxygen isotope compositions of Allende magnetite and olivine. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 146 (1-2). pp. 337-349. ISSN 0012-821X. doi:10.1016/s0012-821x(96)00229-4.

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Magnetite in the oxidized CV chondrite Allende mainly occurs as spherical nodules in porphyritic-olivine (PO) chondrules, where it is associated with Ni-rich metal and/or sulfides. To help constrain the origin of the magnetite, we measured oxygen isotopic compositions of magnetite and coexisting olivine grains in PO chondrules of Allende by an in situ ion microprobe technique. Five magnetite nodules form a relatively tight cluster in oxygen isotopic composition with δ¹⁸O values ranging from −4.8 to −7.1‰ and δ¹⁷O values from −2.9 to −6.3‰. Seven coexisting olivine grains have oxygen isotopic compositions from −0.9 to −6.3‰ in δ¹⁸O and from −4.6 to −7.9‰ in δ¹⁷O. The Δ¹⁷O values of the magnetite and coexisting olivine do not overlap; they range from −0.4 to −2.6‰, and from −4.0 to −5.7‰, respectively. Thus, the magnetite is not in isotopic equilibrium with the olivine in PO chondrules, implying that it formed after the chondrule formation. The Δ¹⁷O of the magnetite is somewhat more negative than estimates for the ambient solar nebula gas. We infer that the magnetite formed on the parent asteroid by oxidation of metal by H₂O which had previously experienced minor O isotope exchange with fine-grained silicates.

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Additional Information:The authors thank C. Coath, G. Jarzebinski, and J. Wang for technical assistance with the ion microprobe, and J. Valley for providing LP204 magnetite grains. We thank A.E. Rubin for advice, R. Lysse for SEM images, J. Hong and R. Hua for manuscript preparation, and three anonymous reviewers for constructive comments. LAL acknowledges support of a University of California President’s Postdoctoral Fellowship. The UCLA ion probe was made possible by a gift from the W.M. Keck Foundation and is supported by NSF grant EAR 9509641 and NASA grant NAGW 4112. This research effort was largely supported by NSF grant EAR 94-18520.
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University of California, Office of the PresidentUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFEAR 94-18520
Issue or Number:1-2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20230307-650566000.69
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ID Code:119782
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:08 Mar 2023 18:18
Last Modified:08 Mar 2023 18:18

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