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Toward a mechanistic understanding of human decision making; contributions of functional neuroimaging

O'Doherty, John P. and Bossaerts, Peter (2008) Toward a mechanistic understanding of human decision making; contributions of functional neuroimaging. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17 (2). pp. 119-123. ISSN 0963-7214. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ODOcdps08

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Abstract

This article considers the contribution of functional neuroimaging toward understanding the computational underpinnings of human decision making. We outline the main processes likely underlying the capacity to make simple choices and describe their associated neural substrates. Relevant processes include the ability to encode a representation of the expected value or utility associated with each option in a decision problem, to learn such expectations through experience, and to modify action selection in order to choose those actions leading to the greatest reward. We provide several examples of how functional neuroimaging data have helped to shape and inform theories of decision making over and above results available from traditional behavioral measures.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00560.xDOIUNSPECIFIED
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Bossaerts, Peter0000-0003-2308-2603
Additional Information:Copyright 2008 Association for Psychological Science. This work was supported by a Searle Scholarship and a grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore foundation to JOD, and by funds from the Swiss Finance Institute to PB.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Searle Scholars ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Swiss Finance InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:functional neuroimaging; choice; value; risk; reinforcement learning; fMRI
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ODOcdps08
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ODOcdps08
Official Citation:O'Doherty, John P. and Peter Bossaerts. Toward a mechanistic understanding of human decision making: contributions of functional neuroimaging. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17 (2). pp. 119-123.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:12317
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Judith J Nollar
Deposited On:14 Nov 2008 05:12
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 00:27

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