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Implications for the origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO observations

Abbott, B. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Agresti, J. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Amin, R. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Arain, M. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Ashley, M. and Aston, S. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Ballmer, S. and Bantilan, H. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, C. and Barker, D. and Barr, B. W. and Barriga, P. and Barton, M. A. and Bayer, K. and Betzwieser, J. and Beyersdorf, P. T. and Bhawal, B. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Biswas, R. and Black, E. D. and Blackburn, K. and Blackburn, L. and Blair, D. and Bland, B. and Bogenstahl, J. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Brinkmann, M. and Brooks, A. and Brown, D. A. and Bullington, A. and Bunkowski, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burmeister, O. and Busby, D. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Cagnoli, G. and Camp, J. B. and Cannizzo, J. and Cannon, K. and Cantley, C. 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F. and Wilkinson, C. and Willems, P. A. and Williams, L. and Willke, B. and Wilmut, I. and Winkler, W. and Wipf, C. C. and Wise, S. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Woods, D. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Wu, W. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yan, Z. and Yoshida, S. and Yunes, N. and Zanolin, M. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, L. and Zhao, C. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. and zur-Mühlen, H. and Zweizig, J. and Hurley, K. C. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2008) Implications for the origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO observations. Astrophysical Journal, 681 (2). pp. 1419-1430. ISSN 0004-637X.

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We analyzed the available LIGO data coincident with GRB 070201, a short-duration, hard-spectrum gamma-ray burst (GRB) whose electromagnetically determined sky position is coincident with the spiral arms of the Andromeda galaxy (M31). Possible progenitors of such short, hard GRBs include mergers of neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole, or soft gamma-ray repeater (SGR) flares. These events can be accompanied by gravitational-wave emission. No plausible gravitational-wave candidates were found within a 180s long window around the time of GRB 070201. This result implies that a compact binary progenitor of GRB 070201, with masses in the range 1M☉ < m1 < 3M☉ and 1M☉ < m2 < 40M☉, located in M31 is excluded at > 99% confidence. If the GRB 070201 progenitor was not in M31, then we can exclude a binary neutron star merger progenitor with distance D < 3.5 Mpc, assuming random inclination, at 90% confidence. The result also implies that an unmodeled gravitational-wave burst from GRB 070201 most probably emitted less than 4.4×10^(-4) M☉c^2 (7.9×10^50 ergs) in any 100 ms long period within the signal region if the source was in M31 and radiated isotropically at the same frequency as LIGO's peak sensitivity (f ≈ 150 Hz). This upper limit does not exclude current models of SGRs at the M31 distance.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kalogera, V.0000-0001-9236-5469
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Mueller, G.0000-0001-8010-742X
Nishizawa, A.0000-0003-3562-0990
Quetschke, V.0000-0002-8012-4868
Tanner, D. B.0000-0003-1940-4710
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Zucker, M.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2008. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2007 December 1; accepted 2008 January 6. We are indebted to the observers of the electromagnetic event, GCN and IPN, for providing us with valuable data and real-time information. We are grateful to Neil Gehrels of NASA/GSFC for his help in reviewing the article. We are grateful to the GALEX collaboration for providing the UV image of M31, the SDSS project for providing the optical image of M31, and Google Sky for accelerating the error box position verification.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Economia,Hisenda i Innovació of the Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gamma rays: bursts; gravitational waves; methods: data analysis
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P070081-B
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ABBapj08
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:12747
Deposited By: Arun Sannuti
Deposited On:09 Jan 2009 06:07
Last Modified:03 Jan 2018 20:07

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