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Upper limits from the LIGO and TAMA detectors on the rate of gravitational-wave bursts

Abbott, B. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Ageev, A. and Agresti, J. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Allen, J. and Amin, R. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Ashley, M. and Asiri, F. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Balasubramanian, R. and Ballmer, S. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, C. and Barker, D. and Barnes, M. and Barr, B. and Barton, M. A. and Bayer, K. and Beausoleil, R. and Belczynski, K. and Bennett, R. and Berukoff, S. J. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhawal, B. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Blackburn, L. and Bland, B. and Bochner, B. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Brown, D. A. and Bullington, A. and Bunkowski, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burgess, R. and Busby, D. and Butler, W. E. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Cagnoli, G. and Camp, J. B. and Cannizzo, J. and Cannon, K. and Cantley, C. A. and Cao, J. and Cardenas, L. and Carter, K. and Casey, M. M. and Castiglione, J. and Chandler, A. and Chapsky, J. and Charlton, P. and Chatterji, S. and Chelkowski, S. and Chen, Y. and Chickarmane, V. and Chin, D. and Christensen, N. and Churches, D. and Cokelaer, T. and Colacino, C. and Coldwell, R. and Coles, M. and Cook, D. and Corbitt, T. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, J. D. E. and Creighton, T. D. and Crooks, D. R. M. and Csatorday, P. and Cusack, B. J. and Cutler, C. and Dalrymple, J. and D'Ambrosio, E. and Danzmann, K. and Davies, G. and Daw, E. and DeBra, D. and Delker, T. and Dergachev, V. and Desai, S. and DeSalvo, R. and Dhurandhar, S. and Di Credico, A. and Diaz, M. and Ding, H. and Drever, R. W. P. and Dupuis, R. J. and Edlund, J. A. and Ehrens, P. and Elliffe, E. J. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. and Fairhurst, S. and Fallnich, C. and Farnham, D. and Fejer, M. M. and Findley, T. and Fine, M. and Finn, L. S. and Franzen, K. Y. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fyffe, M. and Ganezer, K. S. and Garofoli, J. and Giaime, J. A. and Gillespie, A. and Goda, K. and Goggin, L. and González, G. and Goßler, S. and Grandclément, P. and Grant, A. and Gray, C. and Gretarsson, A. M. and Grimmett, D. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Guenther, M. and Gustafson, E. and Gustafson, R. and Hamilton, W. O. and Hammond, M. and Hanna, C. and Hanson, J. and Hardham, C. and Harms, J. and Harry, G. and Hartunian, A. and Heefner, J. and Hefetz, Y. and Heinzel, G. and Heng, I. S. and Hennessy, M. and Hepler, N. and Heptonstall, A. and Heurs, M. and Hewitson, M. and Hild, S. and Hindman, N. and Hoang, P. and Hough, J. and Hrynevych, M. and Hua, W. and Ito, M. and Itoh, Y. and Ivanov, A. and Jennrich, O. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, W. W. and Johnston, W. R. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, G. and Jones, L. and Jungwirth, D. and Kalogera, V. and Katsavounidis, E. and Kawabe, K. and Kells, W. and Kern, J. and Khan, A. and Killbourn, S. and Killow, C. J. and Kim, C. and King, C. and King, P. and Klimenko, S. and Koranda, S. and Kottter, K. and Kovalik, J. and Kozak, D. and Krishnan, B. and Landry, M. and Langdale, J. and Lantz, B. and Lawrence, R. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Leonor, I. and Libbrecht, K. and Libson, A. and Lindquist, P. and Liu, S. and Logan, J. and Lormand, M. and Lubinski, M. and Lück, H. and Luna, M. and Lyons, T. T. and Machenschalk, B. and MacInnis, M. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Majid, W. and Malec, M. and Mandic, V. and Mann, F. and Marin, A. and Márka, S. and Maros, E. and Mason, J. and Mason, K. and Matherny, O. and Matone, L. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McHugh, M. and McNabb, J. W. C. and Melissinos, A. and Mendell, G. and Mercer, R. 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A. and Strom, D. and Stuver, A. and Summerscales, T. and Sumner, M. C. and Sung, M. and Sutton, P. J. and Sylvestre, J. and Tanner, D. B. and Tariq, H. and Tarallo, M. and Taylor, I. and Taylor, R. and Taylor, R. and Thorne, K. A. and Thorne, K. S. and Tibbits, M. and Tilav, S. and Tinto, M. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Torres, C. and Torrie, C. and Traylor, G. and Tyler, W. and Ugolini, D. and Ungarelli, C. and Vallisneri, M. and van Putten, M. and Vass, S. and Vecchio, A. and Veitch, J. and Vorvick, C. and Vyachanin, S. P. and Wallace, L. and Walther, H. and Ward, H. and Ward, R. and Ware, B. and Watts, K. and Webber, D. and Weidner, A. and Weiland, U. and Weiss, R. and Welling, H. and Wen, L. and Wen, S. and Wette, K. and Whelan, J. T. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Whiting, B. F. and Wiley, S. and Wilkinson, C. and Willems, P. A. and Williams, P. R. and Williams, R. and Willke, B. and Wilson, A. and Winjum, B. J. and Winkler, W. and Wise, S. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Woods, D. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Wu, W. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yoshida, S. and Zaleski, K. D. and Zanolin, M. and Zawischa, I. and Zhang, L. and Zhu, R. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. and Zweizig, J. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2005) Upper limits from the LIGO and TAMA detectors on the rate of gravitational-wave bursts. Physical Review D, 72 (12). Art. No. 122004. ISSN 0556-2821.

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We report on the first joint search for gravitational waves by the TAMA and LIGO collaborations. We looked for millisecond-duration unmodeled gravitational-wave bursts in 473 hr of coincident data collected during early 2003. No candidate signals were found. We set an upper limit of 0.12 events per day on the rate of detectable gravitational-wave bursts, at 90% confidence level. From software simulations, we estimate that our detector network was sensitive to bursts with root-sum-square strain amplitude above approximately 1–3×10-19  Hz-1/2 in the frequency band 700-2000 Hz. We describe the details of this collaborative search, with particular emphasis on its advantages and disadvantages compared to searches by LIGO and TAMA separately using the same data. Benefits include a lower background and longer observation time, at some cost in sensitivity and bandwidth. We also demonstrate techniques for performing coincidence searches with a heterogeneous network of detectors with different noise spectra and orientations. These techniques include using coordinated software signal injections to estimate the network sensitivity, and tuning the analysis to maximize the sensitivity and the livetime, subject to constraints on the background.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kalogera, V.0000-0001-9236-5469
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Williams, R.0000-0002-9145-8580
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2005 The American Physical Society. Received 8 August 2005; published 29 December 2005. The LIGO scientific collaboration gratefully acknowledges the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacio´n y Ciencia, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. TAMA research is supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Areas (415) of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology. This document has been assigned LIGO Laboratory document No. LIGO-P040050-08-Z.
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Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC)UNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of JapanUNSPECIFIED
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LIGO DocumentLIGO-P040050-08-Z
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ID Code:13120
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:29 Jan 2009 23:33
Last Modified:12 Oct 2017 23:18

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