A Caltech Library Service

Vector analysis of stimulated Brillouin scattering amplification in standard single-mode fibers

Zadok, Avi and Zilka, Elad and Eyal, Avishay and Thévenaz, Luc and Tur, Moshe (2008) Vector analysis of stimulated Brillouin scattering amplification in standard single-mode fibers. Optics Express, 16 (26). pp. 21692-21707. ISSN 1094-4087. doi:10.1364/OE.16.021692.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) amplification or attenuation in standard single-mode fibers are examined through vectorial analysis, simulation and experiment. Vector propagation equations for the signal wave, incorporating SBS and birefringence, are derived and analyzed in both the Jones and Stokes spaces. The analysis shows that in the undepleted pump regime, the fiber may be regarded as a polarization-dependent gain (or loss) medium, having two orthogonal input SOPs, and corresponding two orthogonal output SOPs, for the signal, which, respectively, provide the signal with maximum and minimum SBS amplification (or attenuation). Under high Brillouin gain conditions and excluding zero-probability cases, the output SOP of arbitrarily polarized input signals, would tend to converge towards that of maximum SBS gain. In the case of high SBS attenuation the output SOP of an arbitrarily polarized signal would approach the output SOP corresponding to minimum attenuation. It is found that for a wide range of practical pump powers (<= 100 mW) and for sufficiently long fibers with typical SBS and birefringence parameters, the signal aligned for maximum SBS interaction will enter/emerge from the fiber with its electric field closely tracing the same ellipse in space as that of the pump at the corresponding side of the fiber, albeit with the opposite sense of rotation. The analytic predictions are experimentally demonstrated for both Stokes (amplification) and anti-Stokes (attenuation) signals.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 2008 Optical Society of America. Received 9 Oct 2008; revised 18 Nov 2008; accepted 12 Dec 2008; published 16 Dec 2008. This work has been carried out within the framework of the European COST Action 299 – FIDES. M. Tur, E. Zilka and A. Eyal also wish to acknowledge the support of the Israeli Science Foundation (ISF). A. Zadok acknowledges the support of a doctoral research fellowship from the Clore Foundation, Israel, a post-doctoral research fellowship from the Center of Physics in Information (CPI), Caltech, and the Rothschild post-doctoral fellowship from Yad-Hanadiv Foundation, Israel.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European CommunityCOST Action 299 – FIDES
Israeli Science Foundation (ISF)UNSPECIFIED
Clore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Center of Physics in Information (CPI), CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Yad-Hanadiv FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:26
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ZADoe08a
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Avi Zadok, Elad Zilka, Avishay Eyal, Luc Thévenaz, and Moshe Tur, "Vector analysis of stimulated Brillouin scattering amplification in standard single-mode fibers," Opt. Express 16, 21692-21707 (2008)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:13288
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Feb 2009 21:29
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 22:36

Repository Staff Only: item control page