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Temperature measurements of expansion products from shock compressed materials using high-speed spectroscopy

Reinhart, W. D. and Thornhill, T. F. and Chhabildas, L. C. and Breiland, W. G. and Brown, J. L. (2008) Temperature measurements of expansion products from shock compressed materials using high-speed spectroscopy. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 35 (12). pp. 1745-1755. ISSN 0734-743X.

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Results from spectral radiance measurements using optical multi-channel analyzer over the visible and near infrared regime provide estimates of temperature from expansion products resulting from shocked materials. Specifically, we have made spectral radiance measurements over the wavelength regime of 300–1500 nm. Experiments conducted on aluminum, cerium, and Composition-B high explosive span a wide regime of E/E_v, where E is the internal energy increase of the shocked material, and E_v, is the specific energy required to vaporize the material. For the materials investigated, the ratio is ~ 1, 3 and 5 for aluminum, cerium, and Composition-B, respectively. The basic assumption made to deduce these temperatures is that the debris cloud is radiating as a blackbody with emissivity of one and independent of the wavelength. We are also assuming that the probe is monitoring the debris, which is at a single temperature and that there is no spatial temperature gradient. Temperatures at or above the boiling point are confirmed for aluminum and cerium, while the results for Composition-B provide the time-dependent temperature expansion history for shocked Composition-B over the stress regime of 28–130 GPa. These are the first measurements of temperature obtained from the expansion products from materials that have been shocked to very high pressures.

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Additional Information:© 2008 Elsevier Ltd. Available online 3 August 2008.
Subject Keywords:spectroscopy; hypervelocity; temperature; shock compression; composition-B
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:REIijie08
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:13597
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 May 2009 22:37
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 00:40

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