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Fire in the Earth system

Bowman, David M. J. S. and Balch, Jennifer K. and Artaxo, Paulo and Bond, William J. and Carlson, Jean M. and Cochrane, Mark A. and D’Antonio, Carla M. and DeFries, Ruth S. and Doyle, John C. and Harrison, Sandy P. and Johnston, Fay H. and Keeley, Jon E. and Krawchuk, Meg A. and Kull, Christian A. and Marston, J. Brad and Moritz, Max A. and Prentice, I. Colin and Roos, Christopher I. and Scott, Andrew C. and Swetnam, Thomas W. and van der Werf, Guido R. and Pyne, Stephen J. (2009) Fire in the Earth system. Science, 324 (5926). pp. 481-484. ISSN 0036-8075.

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Fire is a worldwide phenomenon that appears in the geological record soon after the appearance of terrestrial plants. Fire influences global ecosystem patterns and processes, including vegetation distribution and structure, the carbon cycle, and climate. Although humans and fire have always coexisted, our capacity to manage fire remains imperfect and may become more difficult in the future as climate change alters fire regimes. This risk is difficult to assess, however, because fires are still poorly represented in global models. Here, we discuss some of the most important issues involved in developing a better understanding of the role of fire in the Earth system.

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Doyle, John C.0000-0002-1828-2486
Additional Information:© 2009 American Association for the Advancement of Science. We thank L. Curran, M. Einhorn, D. Gross, S. Hampton, D. Nepstad, and R. Whittaker for encouraging this synthesis, and G. Williamson for assistance with Fig. 2. This work was conducted as part of the Pyrogeography and Climate Change Working Group supported by the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics (KITP) and the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS), funded by NSF grants PHY05-51164 and DEB-0553768, respectively; the University of California, Santa Barbara; and the State of California. Additional support was provided by NCEAS (to J.K.B., the Postdoctoral Associate in the Group); CNPq/MCT Instituto do Milênio Program (to P.A.); and the U.S. Geological Survey (to J.E.K.). Contributions: D.M.J.S.B. conceived of the original idea; J.K.B. and D.M.J.S.B. co-organized the KITP/NCEAS workshop and assumed editorial responsibility; all authors participated in the workshop and/or contributed to manuscript writing; G.R.W., P.A., and I.C.P. developed the radiative forcing figure; C.A.K., C.I.R., and A.C.S. designed the timeline diagram.
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Kavli Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
National Center for Ecological Analysis and SynthesisUNSPECIFIED
University of California, Santa BarbaraUNSPECIFIED
State of CaliforniaUNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5926
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20090707-150808418
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:14511
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Aug 2009 17:08
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 00:50

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