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Nanomechanical measurements of a superconducting qubit

LaHaye, M. D. and Suh, J. and Echternach, P. M. and Schwab, K. C. and Roukes, M. L. (2009) Nanomechanical measurements of a superconducting qubit. Nature, 459 (7249). pp. 960-964. ISSN 0028-0836. doi:10.1038/nature08093.

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The observation of the quantum states of motion of a macroscopic mechanical structure remains an open challenge in quantum-state preparation and measurement. One approach that has received extensive theoretical attention is the integration of superconducting qubits as control and detection elements in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). Here we report measurements of a NEMS resonator coupled to a superconducting qubit, a Cooper-pair box. We demonstrate that the coupling results in a dispersive shift of the nanomechanical frequency that is the mechanical analogue of the 'single-atom index effect' experienced by electromagnetic resonators in cavity quantum electrodynamics. The large magnitude of the dispersive interaction allows us to perform NEMS-based spectroscopy of the superconducting qubit, and enables observation of Landau–Zener interference effects—a demonstration of nanomechanical read-out of quantum interference.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access
Suh, J.0000-0002-0112-0499
Schwab, K. C.0000-0001-8216-4815
Roukes, M. L.0000-0002-2916-6026
Additional Information:© 2009 Nature Publishing Group. Received 24 December 2008; Accepted 23 April 2009. The authors would like to thank T. Duty, C. Wilson, G. Milburn, A. Doherty, E. Babourina-Brooks, A. Armour, A. Clerk and I. Bargatin for discussions; S. Stryker and A. Sears for assistance in constructing the measurement apparatus; and R. E. Muller for electron beam lithography. K.C.S. acknowledges support from the US National Science Foundation (DMR-0804567) and the Foundational Questions Institute (RFP2-08-27). M.D.L. acknowledges support from the Center for the Physics of Information, California Institute of Technology. Part of the research described in this publication was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Supplementary information accompanies this paper.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Foundational Questions Institute (FQXI)RFP2-08-27
Center for the Physics of Information, CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:7249
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20090827-161710676
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:15381
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:11 Sep 2009 16:27
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 23:18

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