A Caltech Library Service

Galaxy Clusters in the IRAC Dark Field. II. Mid-Infrared Sources

Krick, J. E. and Surace, J. A. and Thompson, D. and Ashby, M. L. N. and Hora, J. L. and Gorjian, V. and Yan, L. (2009) Galaxy Clusters in the IRAC Dark Field. II. Mid-Infrared Sources. Astrophysical Journal, 700 (1). pp. 123-136. ISSN 0004-637X.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We present infrared (IR) luminosities, star formation rates (SFR), colors, morphologies, locations, and active galactic nuclei (AGNs) properties of 24 μm detected sources in photometrically detected high-redshift clusters in order to understand the impact of environment on star formation (SF) and AGN evolution in cluster galaxies. We use three newly identified z = 1 clusters selected from the IRAC dark field; the deepest ever mid-IR survey with accompanying, 14 band multiwavelength data including deep Hubble Space Telescope imaging and deep wide-area Spitzer MIPS 24 μm imaging. We find 90 cluster members with MIPS detections within two virial radii of the cluster centers, of which 17 appear to have spectral energy distributions dominated by AGNs and the rest dominated by SF. We find that 43% of the star-forming sample have IR luminosities L_(IR) > 10^(11) L_☉(luminous IR galaxies). The majority of sources (81%) are spirals or irregulars. A large fraction (at least 25%) show obvious signs of interactions. The MIPS-detected member galaxies have varied spatial distributions as compared to the MIPS-undetected members with one of the three clusters showing SF galaxies being preferentially located on the cluster outskirts, while the other two clusters show no such trend. Both the AGN fraction and the summed SFR of cluster galaxies increase from redshift zero to one, at a rate that is a few times faster in clusters than over the same redshift range in the field. Cluster environment does have an effect on the evolution of both AGN fraction and SFR from redshift one to the present, but does not affect the IR luminosities or morphologies of the MIPS sample. SF happens in the same way regardless of environment making MIPS sources look the same in the cluster and field, however the cluster environment does encourage a more rapid evolution with time as compared to the field.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Surace, J. A.0000-0001-7291-0087
Ashby, M. L. N.0000-0002-3993-0745
Hora, J. L.0000-0002-5599-4650
Yan, L.0000-0003-1710-9339
Additional Information:© 2009. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2008 December 17; accepted 2009 May 14; published 2009 June 30. This research has made use of data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. This work was based on observations obtained with the Hale Telescope, Palomar Observatory as part of a continuing collaboration between the California Institute of Technology, NASA/JPL, and Cornell University, the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA, the MMT Observatory, a joint facility of the Smithsonian Institution and the University of Arizona, and the NASA/ ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with program #10521. Support for program #10521 was provided by NASA through a grant from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-26555
Smithsonian InstitutionUNSPECIFIED
University of ArizonaUNSPECIFIED
European Space Agency (ESA)UNSPECIFIED
Space Telescope Science InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:cosmology: observations; galaxies: active; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: photometry; infrared: galaxies
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20090917-114133080
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Galaxy Clusters in the IRAC Dark Field. II. Mid-Infrared Sources J. E. Krick, J. A. Surace, D. Thompson, M. L. N. Ashby, J. L. Hora, V. Gorjian, and L. Yan 2009 ApJ 700 123-136 doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/700/1/123
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:15910
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:22 Sep 2009 22:47
Last Modified:04 Nov 2019 05:40

Repository Staff Only: item control page