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Sudden stratospheric warmings seen in MINOS deep underground muon data

Osprey, S. and Barnett, J. and Smith, J. and Adamson, P. and Andreopoulos, C. and Arms, K. E. and Armstrong, R. and Auty, D. J. and Ayres, D. S. and Baller, B. and Barnes, P. D., Jr. and Barr, G. D. and Barrett, W. L. and Becker, B. R. and Belias, A. and Bernstein, R. H. and Bhattacharya, D. and Bishai, M. and Blake, A. and Bock, G. J. and Boehm, J. and Boehnlein, D. J. and Bogert, D. and Bower, C. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Cavanaugh, S. and Chapman, J. D. and Cherdack, D. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Cobb, J. H. and Coleman, S. J. and Culling, A. J. and de-Jong, J. K. and Dierckxsens, M. and Diwan, M. V. and Dorman, M. and Dytman, S. A. and Escobar, C. O. and Evans, J. J. and Falk, E. and Feldman, G. J. and Frohne, M. V. and Gallagher, H. R. and Godley, A. and Goodman, M. C. and Gouffon, P. and Gran, R. and Grashorn, E. W. and Grossman, N. and Grzelak, K. and Habig, A. and Harris, D. and Harris, P. G. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Himmel, A. and Holin, A. and Hylen, J. and Irwin, G. M. and Ishitsuka, M. and Jaffe, D. E. and James, C. and Jensen, D. and Kafka, T. and Kasahara, S. M. S. and Kim, J. J. and Koizumi, G. and Kopp, S. and Kordosky, M. and Koskinen, D. J. and Kreymer, A. and Kumaratunga, S. and Lang, K. and Ling, J. and Litchfield, P. J. and Litchfield, R. P. and Loiacono, L. and Lucas, P. and Ma, J. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Marshall, J. S. and Mayer, N. and McGowan, A. M. and Meier, J. R. and Messier, M. D. and Metelko, C. J. and Michael, D. G. and Miller, L. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Moore, C. D. and Morfin, J. G. and Mualem, L. and Mufson, S. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nelson, J. K. and Newman, H. B. and Nichol, R. J. and Nicholls, T. C. and Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. and Oliver, W. P. and Ospanov, R. and Paley, J. and Paolone, V. and Pavlovic, Z. and Pawloski, G. and Pearce, G. F. and Peck, C. W. and Petyt, D. A. and Pittam, R. and Plunkett, R. K. and Rahaman, A. and Rameika, R. A. and Raufer, T. M. and Rebel, B. and Reichenbacher, J. and Rodrigues, P. A. and Rosenfeld, C. and Rubin, H. A. and Ruddick, K. and Sanchez, M. C. and Saoulidou, N. and Schneps, J. and Schreiner, P. and Seun, S. M. and Shanahan, P. and Smart, W. and Smith, C. and Smith, R. and Sousa, A. and Speakman, B. and Stamoulis, P. and Strait, M. and Symes, P. and Tagg, N. and Talaga, R. L. and Tavera, M. A. and Thomas, J. and Thompson, J. and Thomson, M. A. and Thron, J. L. and Tinti, G. and Tzanakos, G. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Viren, B. and Watabe, M. and Weber, A. and Webb, R. C. and Wehmann, A. and West, N. and White, C. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wright, D. M. and Yang, T. and Zhang, K. and Zwaska, R. (2009) Sudden stratospheric warmings seen in MINOS deep underground muon data. Geophysical Research Letters, 36 (5). Art. No. L05809. ISSN 0094-8276.

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The rate of high energy cosmic ray muons as measured underground is shown to be strongly correlated with upper-air temperatures during short-term atmospheric (10-day) events. The effects are seen by correlating data from the MINOS underground detector and temperatures from the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts during the winter periods from 2003–2007. This effect provides an independent technique for the measurement of meteorological conditions and presents a unique opportunity to measure both short and long-term changes in this important part of the atmosphere.

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Additional Information:© 2009 American Geophysical Union. Received 16 October 2008; accepted 15 January 2009; published 7 March 2009. This work was supported by the US DOE, the UK STFC, the US NSF, the state and University of Minnesota, the University of Athens, Greece, and Brazil’s FAPESP and CNPq. We are grateful to the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, the crew of the Soudan Underground Laboratory, and the staff of Fermilab for their contribution to this effort. We also acknowledge the BADC and the ECMWF for providing the environmental data for this project.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
State of MinnestoaUNSPECIFIED
University of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
University of Athens, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo UNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:cosmic rays; stratosphere; sudden stratospheric warmings
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20090922-132346335
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Official Citation:Osprey, S., et al. (2009), Sudden stratospheric warmings seen in MINOS deep underground muon data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L05809, doi:10.1029/2008GL036359.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:15995
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:24 Sep 2009 15:53
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 01:06

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