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LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory

Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Ajith, P and Allen, B. and Allen, G. and Amin, R. S. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Arain, M. A. and Araya, M. C. and Armandula, H. and Armor, P. and Aso, Y. and Aston, S. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Baker, P. and Ballmer, S. and Barker, C. and Barker, D. and Barr, B. and Barriga, P. and Barsotti, L. and Barton, M. A. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Bastarrika, M. and Behnke, B. and Benacquista, M. and Betzwieser, J. and Beyersdorf, P. T. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Biswas, R. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blackburn, L. and Blair, D. and Bland, B. and Bodiya, T. P. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Bridges, D. O. and Brinkmann, M. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. A. and Brummit, A. and Brunet, G. and Bullington, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burmeister, O. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Camp, J. B. and Cannizzo, J. and Cannon, K. C. and Cao, J. and Cardenas, L. and Caride, S. and Castaldi, G. and Caudill, S. and Cavaglià, M. and Cepeda, C. and Chalermsongsak, T. and Chalkley, E. and Charlton, P. and Chatterji, S. and Chelkowski, S. and Chen, Yanbei and Christensen, N. and Chung, C. T. Y and Clark, D. and Clark, J. and Clayton, J. H. and Cokelaer, T. and Colacino, C. N. and Conte, R. and Cook, D. and Corbitt, T. R. C. and Cornish, N. and Coward, D. and Coyne, D. C. and Creighton, J. D. E. and Creighton, T. D. and Cruise, A. M. and Culter, R. M. and Cumming, A. and Cunningham, L. and Danilishin, S. L. and Danzmann, K. and Daudert, B. and Davies, G. and Daw, E. J. and DeBra, D. and Degallaix, J. and Dergachev, V. and Desai, S. and DeSalvo, R. and Dhurandhar, S. and Díaz, M. and Dietz, A. and Donovan, F. and Dooley, K. L. and Doomes, E. E. and Drever, R. W. P. and Dueck, J. and Duke, I. and Dumas, J.-C. and Dwyer, J. G. and Echols, C. and Edgar, M. and Effler, A. and Ehrens, P. and Espinoza, E. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. and Fairhurst, S. and Faltas, Y. and Fan, Y. and Fazi, D. and Fehrmenn, H. and Finn, L. S. and Flasch, K. and Foley, S. and Forrest, C. and Fotopoulos, N. and Franzen, A. and Frede, M. and Frei, M. and Frei, Z. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fricke, T. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fyffe, M. and Galdi, V. and Garofoli, J. A. and Gholami, I. and Giaime, J. A. and Giampanis, S. and Giardina, K. D. and Goda, K. and Goetz, E. and Goggin, L. M. and González, G. and Gorodetsky, M. L. and Goßler, S. and Gouaty, R. and Grant, A. and Gras, S. and Gray, C. and Gray, M. and Greenhalgh, R. J. S. and Gretarsson, A. M. and Grimaldi, F. and Grosso, R. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Guenther, M. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Hage, B. and Hallam, J. M. and Hammer, D. and Hammond, G. D. and Hanna, C. and Hanson, J. and Harms, J. and Harry, G. M. and Harry, I. W. and Harstad, E. D. and Haughian, K. and Hayama, K. and Heefner, J. and Heng, I. S. and Heptonstall, A. and Hewitson, M. and Hild, S. and Hirose, E. and Hoak, D. and Hodge, K. A. and Holt, K. and Hosken, D. J. and Hough, J. and Hoyland, D. and Hughey, B. and Huttner, S. H. and Ingram, D. R. and Isogai, T. and Ito, M. and Ivanov, A. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, W. W. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, G. and Jones, R. and Ju, L. and Kalmus, P. and Kalogera, V. and Kandhasamy, S. and Kanner, J. B. and Kasprzyk, D. and Katsavounidis, E. and Kawabe, K. and Kawamura, S. and Kawazoe, F. and Kells, W. and Keppel, D. G. and Khalaidovski, A. and Khalili, F. Y. and Khan, R. and Khazanov, E. and King, P. and Kissel, J. S. and Klimenko, S. and Kokeyama, K. and Kondrashov, V. and Kopparapu, R. and Koranda, S. and Kozak, D. and Krishnan, B. and Kumar, R. and Kwee, P. and Lam, P. K. and Landry, M. and Lantz, B. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, H. and Lei, M. and Leindecker, N. and Leonor, I. and Li, C. and Lin, H. and Lindquist, P. E. and Littenberg, T. B. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Lodhia, D. and Longo, M. and Lormand, M. and Lu, P. and Lubinski, M. and Lucianetti, A. and Lück, H. and Machenschalk, B. and MacInnis, M. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Mandel, I. and Mandic, V. and Márka, S. and Márka, Z. and Markosyan, A. and Markowitz, J. and Maros, E. and Martin, I. W. and Martin, R. M. and Marx, J. N. and Mason, K. and Matichard, F. and Matone, L. and Matzner, R. A. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McGuire, S. C. and McHugh, M. and McIntyre, G. and McKechan, D. J. A. and McKenzie, K. and Mehmet, M. and Melatos, A. and Melissinos, A. C. and Menéndez, D. F. and Mendell, G. and Mercer, R. A. and Meshkov, S. and Messenger, C. and Meyer, M. S. and Miller, J. and Minelli, J. and Mino, Y. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Mitselmakher, G. and Mittleman, R. and Miyakawa, O. and Moe, B. and Mohanty, S. D. and Mohapatra, S. R. P. and Moreno, G. and Morioka, T. and Mors, K. and Mossavi, K. and MowLowry, C. and Mueller, G. and Müller-Ebhardt, H. and Muhammad, D. and Mukherjee, S. and Mukhopadhyay, H. and Mullavey, A. and Munch, J. and Murray, P. G. and Myers, E. and Myers, J. and Nash, T. and Nelson, J. and Newton, G. and Nishizawa, A. and Numata, K. and O’Dell, J. and O’Reilly, B. and O'Shaughnessy, R. and Ochsner, E. and Ogin, G. H. and Ottaway, D. J. and Ottens, R. S. and Overmier, H. and Owen, B. J. and Pan, Y. and Pankow, C. and Papa, M. A. and Parameshwaraiah, V. and Patel, P. and Pedraza, M. and Penn, S. and Perraca, A. and Pierro, V. and Pinto, I. M. and Pitkin, M. and Pletsch, H. J. and Plissi, M. V. and Postiglione, F. and Principe, M. and Prix, R. and Prokhorov, L. and Punken, O. and Quetschke, V. and Raab, F. and Rabeling, D. S. and Radkins, H. and Raffai, P. and Raics, Z. and Rainer, N. and Rakhmanov, M. and Raymond, V. and Reed, C. M. and Reed, T. and Rehbein, H. and Reid, S. and Reitze, D. H. and Riesen, R. and Riles, K. and Rivera, B. and Roberts, P. and Robertson, N. A. and Robinson, C. and Robinson, E. L. and Roddy, S. and Röver, C. and Rollins, J. and Romano, J. D. and Romie, J. H. and Rowan, S. and Rüdiger, A. and Russell, P. and Ryan, K. and Sakata, S. and Sancho-de-la-Jordana, L. and Sandberg, V. and Sannibale, V. and Santamaría, L. and Saraf, S. and Sarin, P. and Sathyaprakash, B. S. and Sato, S. and Satterthwaite, M. and Saulson, P. R. and Savage, R. and Savov, P. and Scanlan, M. and Schilling, R. and Schnabel, R. and Schofield, R. and Schulz, B. and Schutz, B. F. and Schwinberg, P. and Scott, J. and Scott, S. M. and Searle, A. C. and Sears, B. and Seifert, F. and Sellers, D. and Sengupta, A. S. and Sergeev, A. and Shapiro, B. and Shawhan, P. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Sibley, A. and Siemens, X. and Sigg, D. and Sinha, S. and Sintes, A. M. and Slagmolen, B. J. J. and Slutsky, J. and Smith, J. R. and Smith, M. R. and Smith, N. D. and Somiya, K. and Sorazu, B. and Stein, A. and Stein, L. C. and Steplewski, S. and Stochino, A. and Stone, R. and Strain, K. A. and Strigin, S. and Stroeer, A. and Stuver, A. L. and Summerscales, T. Z. and Sun, K. -X. and Sung, M. and Sutton, P. J. and Szokoly, G. P. and Talukder, D. and Tang, L. and Tanner, D. B. and Tarabrin, S. P. and Taylor, J. R. and Taylor, R. and Thacker, J. and Thorne, K. A. and Thüring, A. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Torres, C. and Torrie, C. and Traylor, G. and Trias, M. and Ugolini, D. and Ulmen, J. and Urbanek, K. and Vahlbruch, H. and Vallisneri, M. and Van-Den-Broeck, C. and van-der-Sluys, M. V. and van-Veggel, A. A. and Vass, S. and Vaulin, R. and Vecchio, A. and Veitch, J. and Veitch, P. and Veltkamp, C. and Villar, A. and Vorvick, C. and Vyachanin, S. P. and Waldman, S. J. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. L. and Weidner, A. and Weinert, M. and Weiss, R. and Wen, L. and Wen, S. and Wette, K. and Whelan, J. T. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Whiting, B. F. and Wilkinson, C. and Willems, P. A. and Williams, H. R. and Williams, L. and Willke, B. and Wilmut, I. and Winkelmann, L. and Winkler, W. and Wipf, C. C. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Wu, W. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yan, Z. and Yoshida, S. and Zanolin, M. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, L. and Zhao, C. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. E. and zur-Mühlen, H. and Zweizig, J. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2009) LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory. Reports on Progress in Physics, 72 (7). Art. No. 076901. ISSN 0034-4885. doi:10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901.

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The goal of the Laser Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is to detect and study gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. Direct detection of GWs holds the promise of testing general relativity in the strong-field regime, of providing a new probe of exotic objects such as black holes and neutron stars and of uncovering unanticipated new astrophysics. LIGO, a joint Caltech–MIT project supported by the National Science Foundation, operates three multi-kilometer interferometers at two widely separated sites in the United States. These detectors are the result of decades of worldwide technology development, design, construction and commissioning. They are now operating at their design sensitivity, and are sensitive to gravitational wave strains smaller than one part in 10^(21). With this unprecedented sensitivity, the data are being analyzed to detect or place limits on GWs from a variety of potential astrophysical sources.

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Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Ajith, P0000-0001-7519-2439
Araya, M. C.0000-0002-6018-6447
Bartos, I.0000-0001-5607-3637
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Biswas, R.0000-0002-5741-7195
Blackburn, J. K.0000-0002-3838-2986
Bose, S.0000-0002-3445-4479
Brady, P. R.0000-0002-4611-9387
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Brown, D. A.0000-0002-9180-5765
Byer, R. L.0000-0003-1331-0318
Cannon, K. C.0000-0003-4068-6572
Caudill, S.0000-0002-8927-6673
Chen, Yanbei0000-0002-9730-9463
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Creighton, J. D. E.0000-0003-3600-2406
Evans, M.0000-0001-8459-4499
Evans, T.0000-0001-5442-1300
Freise, A.0000-0001-6586-9901
Harms, J.0000-0002-7332-9806
Kalogera, V.0000-0001-9236-5469
Kanner, J. B.0000-0001-8115-0577
Kissel, J. S.0000-0002-1702-9577
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Lazzarini, A.0000-0002-5993-8808
Mandel, I.0000-0002-6134-8946
Matichard, F.0000-0001-8982-8418
Meshkov, S.0000-0002-7973-5338
Mueller, G.0000-0001-8010-742X
Nishizawa, A.0000-0003-3562-0990
O'Shaughnessy, R.0000-0001-5832-8517
Ottaway, D. J.0000-0001-6794-1591
Quetschke, V.0000-0002-8012-4868
Reed, C. M.0000-0002-7157-3645
Schnabel, R.0000-0003-2896-4218
Slagmolen, B. J. J.0000-0002-2471-3828
Stein, L. C.0000-0001-7559-9597
Tanner, D. B.0000-0003-1940-4710
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Vecchio, A.0000-0002-6254-1617
Whiting, B. F.0000-0002-8501-8669
Worden, J.0000-0003-0257-9549
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zhao, C.0000-0001-5825-2401
Zucker, M. E.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd. Received 2 March 2009, in final form 1 May 2009. Published 30 June 2009. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the UK, the Max-Planck- Society and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation and the Alfred P Sloan Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20090925-102147548
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Official Citation:LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory B P Abbott, R Abbott, R Adhikari, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, R S Amin, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, M A Arain, M Araya, H Armandula, P Armor, Y Aso, S Aston, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, S Babak, P Baker, S Ballmer, C Barker, D Barker, B Barr, P Barriga, L Barsotti, M A Barton, I Bartos, R Bassiri, M Bastarrika, B Behnke, M Benacquista, J Betzwieser, P T Beyersdorf, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, R Biswas, E Black, J K Blackburn, L Blackburn, D Blair, B Bland, T P Bodiya, L Bogue, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, J E Brau, D O Bridges, M Brinkmann, A F Brooks, D A Brown, A Brummit, G Brunet, A Bullington, A Buonanno, O Burmeister, R L Byer, L Cadonati, J B Camp, J Cannizzo, K C Cannon, J Cao, L Cardenas, S Caride, G Castaldi, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, C Cepeda, T Chalermsongsak, E Chalkley, P Charlton, S Chatterji, S Chelkowski, Y Chen, N Christensen, C T Y Chung, D Clark, J Clark, J H Clayton, T Cokelaer, C N Colacino, R Conte, D Cook, T R C Corbitt, N Cornish, D Coward, D C Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, A M Cruise, R M Culter, A Cumming, L Cunningham, S L Danilishin, K Danzmann, B Daudert, G Davies, E J Daw, D DeBra, J Degallaix, V Dergachev, S Desai, R DeSalvo, S Dhurandhar, M Díaz, A Dietz, F Donovan, K L Dooley, E E Doomes, R W P Drever, J Dueck, I Duke, J-C Dumas, J G Dwyer, C Echols, M Edgar, A Effler, P Ehrens, E Espinoza, T Etzel, M Evans, T Evans, S Fairhurst, Y Faltas, Y Fan, D Fazi, H Fehrmenn, L S Finn, K Flasch, S Foley, C Forrest, N Fotopoulos, A Franzen, M Frede, M Frei, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, T Fricke, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, M Fyffe, V Galdi, J A Garofoli, I Gholami, J A Giaime, S Giampanis, K D Giardina, K Goda, E Goetz, L M Goggin, G González, M L Gorodetsky, S Goßler, R Gouaty, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, M Gray, R J S Greenhalgh, A M Gretarsson, F Grimaldi, R Grosso, H Grote, S Grunewald, M Guenther, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, B Hage, J M Hallam, D Hammer, G D Hammond, C Hanna, J Hanson, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, E D Harstad, K Haughian, K Hayama, J Heefner, I S Heng, A Heptonstall, M Hewitson, S Hild, E Hirose, D Hoak, K A Hodge, K Holt, D J Hosken, J Hough, D Hoyland, B Hughey, S H Huttner, D R Ingram, T Isogai, M Ito, A Ivanov, B Johnson, W W Johnson, D I Jones, G Jones, R Jones, L Ju, P Kalmus, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, J Kanner, D Kasprzyk, E Katsavounidis, K Kawabe, S Kawamura, F Kawazoe, W Kells, D G Keppel, A Khalaidovski, F Y Khalili, R Khan, E Khazanov, P King, J S Kissel, S Klimenko, K Kokeyama, V Kondrashov, R Kopparapu, S Koranda, D Kozak, B Krishnan, R Kumar, P Kwee, P K Lam, M Landry, B Lantz, A Lazzarini, H Lei, M Lei, N Leindecker, I Leonor, C Li, H Lin, P E Lindquist, T B Littenberg, N A Lockerbie, D Lodhia, M Longo, M Lormand, P Lu, M Lubinski, A Lucianetti, H Lück, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, M Mageswaran, K Mailand, I Mandel, V Mandic, S Márka, Z Márka, A Markosyan, J Markowitz, E Maros, I W Martin, R M Martin, J N Marx, K Mason, F Matichard, L Matone, R A Matzner, N Mavalvala, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S C McGuire, M McHugh, G McIntyre, D J A McKechan, K McKenzie, M Mehmet, A Melatos, A C Melissinos, D F Menéndez, G Mendell, R A Mercer, S Meshkov, C Messenger, M S Meyer, J Miller, J Minelli, Y Mino, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, O Miyakawa, B Moe, S D Mohanty, S R P Mohapatra, G Moreno, T Morioka, K Mors, K Mossavi, C MowLowry, G Mueller, H Müller-Ebhardt, D Muhammad, S Mukherjee, H Mukhopadhyay, A Mullavey, J Munch, P G Murray, E Myers, J Myers, T Nash, J Nelson, G Newton, A Nishizawa, K Numata, J O'Dell, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, E Ochsner, G H Ogin, D J Ottaway, R S Ottens, H Overmier, B J Owen, Y Pan, C Pankow, M A Papa, V Parameshwaraiah, P Patel, M Pedraza, S Penn, A Perraca, V Pierro, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, H J Pletsch, M V Plissi, F Postiglione, M Principe, R Prix, L Prokhorov, O Punken, V Quetschke, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, Z Raics, N Rainer, M Rakhmanov, V Raymond, C M Reed, T Reed, H Rehbein, S Reid, D H Reitze, R Riesen, K Riles, B Rivera, P Roberts, N A Robertson, C Robinson, E L Robinson, S Roddy, C Röver, J Rollins, J D Romano, J H Romie, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Russell, K Ryan, S Sakata, L Sancho de la Jordana, V Sandberg, V Sannibale, L Santamaría, S Saraf, P Sarin, B S Sathyaprakash, S Sato, M Satterthwaite, P R Saulson, R Savage, P Savov, M Scanlan, R Schilling, R Schnabel, R Schofield, B Schulz, B F Schutz, P Schwinberg, J Scott, S M Scott, A C Searle, B Sears, F Seifert, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, A Sergeev, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, D H Shoemaker, A Sibley, X Siemens, D Sigg, S Sinha, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, J Slutsky, J R Smith, M R Smith, N D Smith, K Somiya, B Sorazu, A Stein, L C Stein, S Steplewski, A Stochino, R Stone, K A Strain, S Strigin, A Stroeer, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, K-X Sun, M Sung, P J Sutton, G P Szokoly, D Talukder, L Tang, D B Tanner, S P Tarabrin, J R Taylor, R Taylor, J Thacker, K A Thorne, A Thüring, K V Tokmakov, C Torres, C Torrie, G Traylor, M Trias, D Ugolini, J Ulmen, K Urbanek, H Vahlbruch, M Vallisneri, C Van Den Broeck, M V van der Sluys, A A van Veggel, S Vass, R Vaulin, A Vecchio, J Veitch, P Veitch, C Veltkamp, A Villar, C Vorvick, S P Vyachanin, S J Waldman, L Wallace, R L Ward, A Weidner, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, S Wen, K Wette, J T Whelan, S E Whitcomb, B F Whiting, C Wilkinson, P A Willems, H R Williams, L Williams, B Willke, I Wilmut, L Winkelmann, W Winkler, C C Wipf, A G Wiseman, G Woan, R Wooley, J Worden, W Wu, I Yakushin, H Yamamoto, Z Yan, S Yoshida, M Zanolin, J Zhang, L Zhang, C Zhao, N Zotov, M E Zucker, H zur Mühlen and J Zweizig 2009 Rep. Prog. Phys. 72 076901 (25pp) doi: 10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901
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ID Code:16056
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:06 Oct 2009 19:43
Last Modified:02 Mar 2023 23:33

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