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Hubble Ultra Deep Field-JD2: Mid-Infrared Evidence for a z ~ 2 Luminous Infrared Galaxy

Chary, Ranga-Ram and Teplitz, Harry I. and Dickinson, Mark E. and Koo, David C. and Le Floc'h, Emeric and Marcillac, Delphine and Papovich, Casey and Stern, Daniel (2007) Hubble Ultra Deep Field-JD2: Mid-Infrared Evidence for a z ~ 2 Luminous Infrared Galaxy. Astrophysical Journal, 665 (1). pp. 257-264. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1086/519243.

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The Hubble Ultra Deep Field source JD2 presented in Mobasher et al. is an unusual galaxy that is very faint at all wavelengths shortward of 1.1 μm. Photometric redshift fits to data between 0.4 and 8 μm yield a significant probability that it is an extremely massive galaxy at z ~ 6.5. In this paper we present new photometry at 16 and 22 μm from Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) peak-up imaging of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) fields. We find that the spectral energy distribution shows a factor of ~4 rise in flux density between the 16 and 22 μm bandpass, which is most likely due to the entrance of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission features into the 22 and 24 μm passbands. The flux ratio between these bandpasses can be best fit by a z = 1.7 luminous infrared galaxy with a bolometric luminosity of (2-6) × 10^(11) L_⊙ corresponding to a star formation rate of 80 M_⊙ yr^(-1). The predicted flux density values at other longer wavelengths are below the detection limits of current instrumentation, but such sources could potentially be detected in lensed submillimeter surveys. Reevaluation of the optical/near-infrared photometry continues to favor z > 6 photometric redshift solutions, but we argue that the consistency of the multiwavelength parameters of this galaxy with other dusty starbursts favor the z ~ 2 mid-infrared photometric redshift. The data presented here provide evidence that optically undetected near-infrared sources that are detected at 24 μm are most likely dusty, starburst galaxies at a redshift of z ~ 2 with stellar masses >10^(10) M_⊙.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Chary, Ranga-Ram0000-0001-7583-0621
Teplitz, Harry I.0000-0002-7064-5424
Dickinson, Mark E.0000-0001-5414-5131
Koo, David C.0000-0003-3385-6799
Papovich, Casey0000-0001-7503-8482
Stern, Daniel0000-0003-2686-9241
Additional Information:© 2007 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2007 February 1; accepted 2007 April 25. We wish to thank Dave Frayer and Megan Eckart for useful advice. This work is based on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a NASA contract. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:cosmology : observations; early universe; galaxies : evolution; galaxies : individual (HUDF-JD2)
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20091028-084814306
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Official Citation:Hubble Ultra Deep Field-JD2: Mid-Infrared Evidence for a z ~ 2 Luminous Infrared Galaxy Ranga-Ram Chary, Harry I. Teplitz, Mark E. Dickinson, David C. Koo, Emeric Le Floc'h, Delphine Marcillac, Casey Papovich, and Daniel Stern 2007 ApJ 665 257-264 doi: 10.1086/519243
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:16506
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Nov 2009 17:47
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 23:27

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