A Caltech Library Service

The Spitzer c2d Survey of Nearby Dense Cores. IV. Revealing the Embedded Cluster in B59

Brooke, Timothy Y. and Huard, Tracy L. and Bourke, Tyler L. and Boogert, A. C. Adwin and Allen, Lori E. and Blake, Geoffrey A. and Evans, Neal J., II and Harvey, Paul M. and Koerner, David W. and Mundy, Lee G. and Myers, Philip C. and Padgett, Deborah L. and Sargent, Anneila I. and Stapelfeldt, Karl R. and van Dishoeck, Ewine F. and Chapman, Nicholas and Cieza, Lucas and Dunham, Michael M. and Lai, Shih-Ping and Porras, Alicia and Spiesman, William and Teuben, Peter J. and Young, Chadwick H. and Wahhaj, Zahed and Lee, Chang Won (2007) The Spitzer c2d Survey of Nearby Dense Cores. IV. Revealing the Embedded Cluster in B59. Astrophysical Journal, 655 (1). pp. 364-374. ISSN 0004-637X.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Infrared images of the dark cloud core B59 were obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope as part of the "Cores to Disks" Legacy Science project. Photometry from 3.6-70 μm indicates at least 20 candidate low-mass young stars near the core, more than doubling the previously known population. Out of this group, 13 are located within ~0.1 pc in projection of the molecular gas peak, where a new embedded source is detected. Spectral energy distributions span the range from small excesses above photospheric levels to rising in the mid-infrared. One other embedded object, probably associated with the millimeter source B59-MMS1, with a bolometric luminosity L_(bol) ~ 2 L_⊙, has extended structure at 3.6 and 4.5 μm, possibly tracing the edges of an outflow cavity. The measured extinction through the central part of the core is A_V ≳ 45 mag. The B59 core is producing young stars with a high efficiency.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Blake, Geoffrey A.0000-0003-0787-1610
Evans, Neal J., II0000-0001-5175-1777
Padgett, Deborah L.0000-0001-5334-5107
Sargent, Anneila I.0000-0002-4633-5098
Stapelfeldt, Karl R.0000-0002-2805-7338
van Dishoeck, Ewine F.0000-0001-7591-1907
Cieza, Lucas0000-0002-2828-1153
Dunham, Michael M.0000-0003-0749-9505
Wahhaj, Zahed0000-0001-8269-324X
Additional Information:© 2007 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2006 June 13; accepted 2006 October 9. We thank M. Lombardi (ESO) for assistance, C. DeVries (CSU Stanislaus) for making molecular line data available prior to publication, and R. Gutermuth (CfA) for display scripts. We thank the referee whose comments improved the paper. This work is based on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under NASA contract 1407. Support for this work, part of the Spitzer Space Telescope Legacy Science Program, was provided by NASA through contract numbers 1224608, 1230779, and 1230780 issued by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under NASA contract 1407. Astrochemistry in Leiden is supported by a NWO Spinoza grant and a NOVA grant. C.W.L. acknowledges support from KOSEFF grant R01-2003-000-10513-0. This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center /California Institute of Technology, funded by NASA and NSF. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Onderzoekschool voor de Astronomie (NOVA)UNSPECIFIED
Korea Science and Engineering FoundationR01-2003-000-10513-0
Subject Keywords:infrared : ISM; infrared : stars; ISM : clouds; stars : pre-main sequence
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20091029-082343975
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The Spitzer c2d Survey of Nearby Dense Cores. IV. Revealing the Embedded Cluster in B59 Timothy Y. Brooke, Tracy L. Huard, Tyler L. Bourke, A. C. Adwin Boogert, Lori E. Allen, Geoffrey A. Blake, Neal J. Evans II, Paul M. Harvey, David W. Koerner, Lee G. Mundy, Philip C. Myers, Deborah L. Padgett, Anneila I. Sargent, Karl R. Stapelfeldt, Ewine F. van Dishoeck, Nicholas Chapman, Lucas Cieza, Michael M. Dunham, Shih-Ping Lai, Alicia Porras, William Spiesman, Peter J. Teuben, Chadwick H. Young, Zahed Wahhaj, and Chang Won Lee 2007 ApJ 655 364-374 doi: 10.1086/510115
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:16515
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Nov 2009 17:49
Last Modified:01 Nov 2019 04:55

Repository Staff Only: item control page