A Caltech Library Service

The circumstellar disc in the Bok globule CB 26: Multi-wavelength observations and modelling of the dust disc and envelope

Sauter, J. and Wolf, S. and Launhardt, R. and Padgett, D. L. and Stapelfeldt, K. R. and Pinte, C. and Duchêne, G and Ménard, F. and McCabe, C.-E. and Pontoppidan, K. M. and Dunham, M. and Bourke, T. L. and Chen, J.-H. (2009) The circumstellar disc in the Bok globule CB 26: Multi-wavelength observations and modelling of the dust disc and envelope. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 505 (3). pp. 1167-1182. ISSN 0004-6361.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Context. Circumstellar discs are expected to be the nursery of planets. Grain growth within such discs is the first step in the planet formation process. The Bok globule CB 26 harbours such a young disc. Aims. We present a detailed model of the edge-on circumstellar disc and its envelope in the Bok globule CB 26. Methods. The model is based on HST near-infrared maps in the I, J, H, and K bands, OVRO and SMA radio maps at 1.1 mm, 1.3 mm and 2.7 mm, and the spectral energy distribution (SED) from 0.9 μm to 3 mm. New photometric and spectroscopic data from the Spitzer Space Telescope and the Caltech Submilimeter Observatory are also part of our analysis. Using the self-consistent radiative transfer code MC3D, the model we construct is able to discriminate between parameter sets and dust properties of both envelope and disc. Results. We find that the data are fit by a disc that has an inner hole with a radius of 45 ± 5 AU. Based on a dust model including silicate and graphite, the maximum grain size needed to reproduce the spectral millimetre index is 2.5 μm. Features seen in the nearinfrared images, dominated by scattered light, can be described as a result of a rotating envelope. Conclusions. Successful employment of ISM dust in both the disc and envelope hint that grain growth may not yet play a significant role for the appearance of this system. A large inner hole implies that CB 26 is a circumbinary disc.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Padgett, D. L.0000-0001-5334-5107
Stapelfeldt, K. R.0000-0002-2805-7338
Pinte, C.0000-0001-5907-5179
Pontoppidan, K. M.0000-0001-7552-1562
Dunham, M.0000-0003-0749-9505
Additional Information:© ESO 2009. Received 27 April 2009. Accepted 6 July 2009. The authors thank all members of the GEODE-team for their help in this project. J. Sauter thanks Owen Matthews, Jens Rodmann, and Arjan Bik for enlightening discussions. This work is supported by the DFG through the research group 759 “The Formation of Planets: The Critical First Growth Phase”. F. Menard thanks financial support from Programme national de Physique Stellaire (PNPS) of CNRS/INSU, France and from Agence Nationale pour la Recherche of France under contract ANR-07-BLAN-0221. This work has been supported by NASA funding from the Space Telescope Science Institute, HST general observer program 10603; and by NASA funding from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, under Spitzer general observer program 30765. C. Pinte acknowledges the funding from the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Program as a Marie Curie Intra-European Fellow (PIEFGA- 2008-220891). The Submillimeter Array is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-07-BLAN-0221
Marie Curie FellowshipPIEFGA-2008-220891
Smithsonian InstitutionUNSPECIFIED
Academia SinicaUNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:circumstellar matter; planetary systems: protoplanetary disks; radiative transfer; stars: formation; stars: individual: CB 26
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20091103-142724834
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The circumstellar disc in the Bok globule CB 26 - Multi-wavelength observations and modelling of the dust disc and envelope J. Sauter, S. Wolf, R. Launhardt, D. L. Padgett, K. R. Stapelfeldt, C. Pinte, G. Duchêne, F. Ménard, C.-E. McCabe, K. Pontoppidan, M. Dunham, T. L. Bourke and J.-H. Chen A&A 505 (3) 1167-1182 (2009) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912397
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:16567
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Nov 2009 22:31
Last Modified:31 Oct 2019 01:51

Repository Staff Only: item control page