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Are ^(12)CO lines good indicators of the star formation rate in galaxies?

Bayet, E. and Gerin, M. and Phillips, T. G. and Contursi, A. (2009) Are ^(12)CO lines good indicators of the star formation rate in galaxies? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 399 (1). pp. 264-272. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15258.x.

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In this paper, we investigate the relevance of using the ^(12)CO-line emissions as indicators of star formation rates (SFRs). For the first time, we present this study for a relatively large number of ^(12)CO transitions (12) as well as over a large interval in redshift (from z∼ 0 to 6). For the nearby sources (D≤ 10 Mpc) , we have used our previously published homogeneous sample of ^(12)CO data, mixing observational and modelled line intensities. For higher z sources (z≥ 1) , we have collected ^(12)CO observations from various papers and completed the data set of line intensities with model predictions which we also present in this paper. Finally, for increasing the statistics, we have included recent ^(12)CO(1–0) and ^(12)CO(3–2) observations of intermediate-z sources. Linear regressions have been calculated for identifying the tightest SFR–^(12)CO-line luminosity relationships. We show that the total^(12)CO, the ^(12)CO(5–4), the ^(12)CO(6–5) and the ^(12)CO(7–6) luminosities are the best indicators of SFRs (as measured by the far-infrared luminosity). Comparisons with theoretical approaches from Krumholz & Thompson and Narayanan et al. are also performed in this paper. Although in general agreement, the predictions made by these authors and the observational results we present here show small and interesting discrepancies. In particular, the slope of the linear regressions for J_(upper)≥ 4 ^(12)CO lines is not similar between theoretical studies and observations. On the one hand, a larger high-J^(12)CO data set of observations might help to better agree with models, increasing the statistics. On the other hand, theoretical studies extended to high-redshift sources might also reduce such discrepancies.

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Additional Information:Journal compilation © 2009 RAS. Accepted 2009 June 16. Received 2009 June 16; in original form 2009 March 27. EB acknowledges financial support from the Leverhulme Trust. Fig. 7 of Narayanan et al. (2008; p. 1005) has been reproduced by permission of the AAS.
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Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:ISM: molecules galaxies: ISM galaxies: nuclei galaxies: starburst infrared: galaxies submillimetre.
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20091125-112047852
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:16810
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 19:50
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 23:30

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