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Cognitive Neural Prosthetics

Andersen, Richard A. and Hwang, Eun Jung and Mulliken, Grant H. (2010) Cognitive Neural Prosthetics. Annual Review of Psychology, 61 . pp. 169-190. ISSN 0066-4308. PMCID PMC2849803. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100105-131710500

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Abstract

The cognitive neural prosthetic (CNP) is a very versatile method for assisting paralyzed patients and patients with amputations. The CNP records the cognitive state of the subject, rather than signals strictly related to motor execution or sensation. We review a number of high-level cortical signals and their application for CNPs, including intention, motor imagery, decision making, forward estimation, executive function, attention, learning, and multi-effector movement planning. CNPs are defined by the cognitive function they extract, not the cortical region from which the signals are recorded. However, some cortical areas may be better than others for particular applications. Signals can also be extracted in parallel from multiple cortical areas using multiple implants, which in many circumstances can increase the range of applications of CNPs. The CNP approach relies on scientific understanding of the neural processes involved in cognition, and many of the decoding algorithms it uses also have parallels to underlying neural circuit functions.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100503DOIArticle
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2849803PubMed CentralArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Andersen, Richard A.0000-0002-7947-0472
Additional Information:© 2010 Annual Reviews. First published online as a Review in Advance on September 28, 2009. We thank the National Institutes of Health, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Boswell Foundation, and the McKnight Foundation for supporting this research. We also thank Drs. Eb Fetz and Michael Campos for discussions during the preparation of this review.We thank Dr. Viktor Shcherbatyuk, Tessa Yao, Kels´ıe Pejsa, and Nicole Sammons for technical and editorial assistance.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NIHUNSPECIFIED
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
James G. Boswell FoundationUNSPECIFIED
McKnight FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:decision making, planning, intention, posterior parietal cortex, brain-machine interface, efference copy, learning, sensorimotor transformation
PubMed Central ID:PMC2849803
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100105-131710500
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100105-131710500
Official Citation:Cognitive Neural Prosthetics Richard A. Andersen, Eun Jung Hwang, Grant H. Mulliken Annual Review of Psychology 2010 61, 169-190
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:17063
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:06 Jan 2010 17:14
Last Modified:31 Mar 2020 21:04

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