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The integration and engineering of the ATLAS SemiConductor Tracker Barrel

Abdesselam, A. and Allport, P. P. and Anastopoulos, C. and Anderson, B. and Andricek, L. and Anghinolfi, F. and Apsimon, R. and Atkinson, T. and Attree, D. J. and Austin, N. and Bangert, A. and Barbier, G. and Barclay, P. and Barr, A. J. and Batchelor, L. E. and Bates, R. L. and Batley, J. R. and Beck, G. A. and Bell, P. J. and Bell, W. H. and Belymam, A. and Benes, J. and Benes, P. and Bernabeu, J. and Bethke, S. and Bizzell, J. P. and Blocki, J. and Bohm, J. and Booth, C. N. and Bouhova-Thacker, E. V. and Brandt, O. and Brodbeck, T. J. and Broklova, Z. and Broz, J. and Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A. and Burdin, S. and Buttar, C. M. and Butterworth, J. M. and Capocci, E. and Carpentieri, C. and Carter, A. A. and Carter, J. R. and Catinaccio, A. and Catmore, J. R. and Chamizo-llatas, M. and Charlton, D. G. and Cheplakov, A. and Chilingarov, A. and Chouridou, S. and Chren, D. and Chu, M. L. and Cindro, V. and Ciocio, A. and Civera, J. V. and Clark, A. and Colijn, A. P. and Costa, M. J. and Costanzo, D. and Cox, J. and Dabinett, C. and Dabrowski, W. and Dalmau, J. and Danielsen, K. M. and D’Auria, S. and Dawson, I. and de-Jong, P. and Dehchar, M. D. and Demirköz, B. and Dervan, P. and Diez-Cornell, S. and Dixon, S. D. and Dobson, E. and Dolezal, Z. and Donega, M. and D’Onofrio, M. and Dorholt, O. and Doubrava, M. and Dowell, J. D. and Drasal, Z. and Duerdoth, I. P. and Duxfield, R. and Dwuznik, M. and Eckert, S. and Eklund, L. M. and Ely, R. and Escobar, C. and Fadeyev, V. and Fasching, D. and Fawzi, F. and Feld, L. and Ferguson, D. and Ferrari, P. and Ferrere, D. and Fopma, J. and Ford, P. and Fortin, R. and Foster, J. M. and Fox, H. and Fraser, T. J. and Freestone, J. and French, R. S. and Fuster, J. and Gadomski, S. and Gallop, B. J. and Galuska, M. and Gannaway, F. C. and Garcia, C. and Garcia-Navarro, J. E. and Ghodbane, N. and Gibson, M. D. and Gibson, S. M. and Göttfert, T. and Gonzalez, S. and Gonzalez-Sevilla, S. and Goodrick, M. J. and Gorfine, G. and Gorišek, A. and Gornicki, E. and Greenall, A. and Greenfield, D. and Grillo, A. A. and Grosse-Knetter, J. and Haber, C. and Härtel, R. and Hanagaki, K. and Hansl-Kozanecka, T. and Hara, K. and Harris, M. and Hartjes, F. G. and Hauff, D. and Hawes, B. M. and Hayler, T. and Haywood, S. J. and Heinemann, F. E. W. and Henderson, R. C. W. and Hessey, N. P. and Hicheur, A. and Hill, J. C. and Hodgkinson, M. C. and Hodgson, P. and Hollins, T. I. and Holmes, A. and Holt, R. and Holy, T. and Horazdovsky, T. and Hou, S. and Howell, D. F. and Hughes, G. and Huse, T. and Ibbotson, M. and Ikegami, Y. and Issever, C. and Jakobs, K. and Jakubek, J. and Jared, R. C. and Jarron, P. and Johansen, L. G. and Johansson, P. and Jones, A. and Jones, M. and Jones, R. W. L. and Jones, T. J. and Jones, T. W. and Joos, D. and Joseph, J. and Jovanovic, P. and Jusko, J. and Jusko, O. and Kaplon, J. and Karagö-Ünel, M. and Kartvelishvili, V. and Kerschen, N. and Ketterer, C. and Kholodenko, A. G. and Kim, S. H. and Kluth, S. and Kodys, P. and Koffeman, E. and Kohout, Z. and Kohriki, T. and Kondo, T. and Koperny, S. and Koukol, V. and Kral, V. and Kramberger, G. and Kubik, P. and Kundu, N. and Lacasta, C. and Lacuesta, V. R. and Lau, W. and Lee, S.-C. and Lefevre, R. P. and Leney, K. J. C. and Lester, C. G. and Liang, Z. and Limper, M. and Lindsay, S. W. and Linhart, V. and Lintern, A. J. and Llosa-Llacer, G. and Lockett, C. and Loebinger, F. K. and Lozano-Fantoba, M. and Ludwig, I. and Ludwig, J. and Lutz, G. and Lynn, J. and Maaßen, M. and Macina, D. and Macpherson, A. and Macwaters, C. and Magrath, C. A. and Malecki, P. and Mandić, I. and Mangin-Brinet, M. and Marti-i-Garcia, S. and Martinez-McKinney, G. F. and Maruyama, T. and Matheson, J. and McMahon, S. J. and McMahon, T. J. and Meinhardt, J. and Mellado-Garcia, B. R. and Messmer, I. and Mikulec, B. and Mikuž, M. and Mima, S. and Minano, M. and Mistry, J. and Mitsou, V. A. and Modesto, P. and Moed, S. and Mohn, B. and Moles-Valls, R. M. and Moorhead, G. F. and Morin, J. and Morley, A. K. and Morone, M-C. and Morris, J. and Morrissey, M. C. and Moser, H. G. and Moszczynski, A. and Muijs, A. J. M. and Murray, W. J. and Nagai, K. and Nagai, Y. and Naito, D. and Nakamura, K. and Nakano, I. and Nelson, C. and Nichols, A. and Nicholson, R. and Nickerson, R. B. and Nisius, R. and Olcese, M. and Olivo-Gomez, M. and O'Shea, V. and Ottewell, B. and Oye, O. and Paganis, E. and Palmer, M. J. and Parker, M. A. and Parzefall, U. and Pataraia, S. and Pater, J. R. and Pellegrini, G. and Pernegger, H. and Perrin, E. and Phillips, A. W. and Phillips, P. W. and Poltorak, K. and Pospisil, S. and Pritchard, T. and Prokofiev, K. and Ratoff, P. N. and Reznicek, P. and Riadovikov, V. N. and Richter, R. H. and Robichaud-Veronneau, A. and Robinson, D. and Roe, S. and Runge, K. and Sadrozinski, H. F. and Sanchez, J. and Sandaker, H. and Santander, J. and Scheirich, D. and Schieck, J. and Sedlak, K. and Seiden, A. and Sfyrla, A. and Slavicek, T. and Sloan, T. J. and Smith, B. and Smizanska, M. and Snow, S. W. and Solar, M. and Solberg, A. O. and Sopko, B. and Sopko, V. and Sospedra-Suay, L. and Spencer, E. and Spieler, H. and Stanecka, E. and Stapnes, S. and Stastny, J. and Stekl, I. and Stodulski, M. and Stradling, A. and Stugu, B. and Sutcliffe, P. and Szczygiel, R. R. and Takashima, R. and Tanaka, R. and Tappern, G. J. and Tarrant, J. and Taylor, G. N. and Teng, P. K. and Terada, S. and Thompson, R. J. and Titov, M. and Tovey, D. R. and Tovey, S. N. and Tricoli, A. and Turala, M. and Tyndel, M. and Ukegawa, F. and Ullan-Comes, M. and Unno, Y. and Vacek, V. and Valkar, S. and Van-der-Kraaij, E. and Vickey, T. and Viehhauser, G. H. A. and Villani, E. G. and Vorobiev, A. P. and Vossebeld, J. H. and Vrba, V. and Vu-Anh, T. and Wallny, R. S. and Ward, C. P. and Wastie, R. and Webb, P. and Webel, M. and Weber, M. and Weidberg, A. R. and Weilhammer, P. M. and Weiser, C. and Wells, P. S. and Werneke, P. and White, M. J. and Wiesmann, M. and Wilhelm, I. and Wilmut, I. and Wilson, J. A. and Wolter, M. W. and Wu, S. L. and Zhu, H. Z. and Zsenei, A. (2008) The integration and engineering of the ATLAS SemiConductor Tracker Barrel. Journal of Instrumentation, 3 . Art. No. P10006. ISSN 1748-0221.

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The ATLAS SemiConductor Tracker (SCT) was built in three sections: a barrel and two end-caps. This paper describes the design, construction and final integration of the barrel section. The barrel is constructed around four nested cylinders that provide a stable and accurate support structure for the 2112 silicon modules and their associated services. The emphasis of this paper is directed at the aspects of engineering design that turned a concept into a fully-functioning detector, as well as the integration and testing of large sub-sections of the final SCT barrel detector. The paper follows the chronology of the construction. The main steps of the assembly are described with the results of intermediate tests. The barrel service components were developed and fabricated in parallel so that a flow of detector modules, cooling loops, opto-harnesses and Frequency-Scanning-Interferometry (FSI) alignment structures could be assembled onto the four cylinders. Once finished, each cylinder was conveyed to the next site for the mounting of modules to form a complete single barrel. Extensive electrical and thermal function tests were carried out on the completed single barrels. In the next stage, the four single barrels and thermal enclosures were combined into the complete SCT barrel detector so that it could be integrated with the Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) barrel to form the central part of the ATLAS inner detector. Finally, the completed SCT barrel was tested together with the TRT barrel in noise tests and using cosmic rays.

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Additional Information:© 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA. This is an Open Access article. Received 11 April 2008, accepted for publication 7 October 2008. Published 30 October 2008. We are greatly indebted to all the technical staff who worked on the barrel engineering and integration project from the ATLAS SCT Institutes. We acknowledge the support of the funding authorities of the collaborating institutes including the Spanish National Programme for Particle Physics; the Research Council of Norway; the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom; the Polish Ministry of Higher Education and Science; the German Ministry of Science; the Swiss National Science Foundation; the State Secretariat for Education and Research and the Canton of Geneva; the Slovenian Research Agency and the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology of the Republic of Slovenia; the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; the Office of High Energy Physics of the United States Department of Energy; the United States National Science Foundation; the Australian Research Council (ARC) and Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST); the Dutch Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic, and Committee for Collaboration of the Czech Republic with CERN; the National Science Council, Taiwan; the Swedish Research Council.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Spanish National Programme for Particle PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Research Council of NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Higher Education and Science (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
State Secretariat for Education and Research and the Canton of GenevaUNSPECIFIED
Slovenian Research Agency and the Ministry of Higher Education Science and Technology of the Republic of SloveniaUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)UNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST)UNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Committee for Collaboration of the Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
National Science Council (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Swedish Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Particle tracking detectors; Solid state detectors; Detector design and construction technologies and materials; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100122-100651428
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Official Citation:The integration and engineering of the ATLAS SemiConductor Tracker Barrel A Abdesselam, P P Allport, C Anastopoulos, B Anderson, L Andricek, F Anghinolfi, R Apsimon, T Atkinson, D J Attree, N Austin, A Bangert, G Barbier, P Barclay, A J Barr, L E Batchelor, R L Bates, J R Batley, G A Beck, P J Bell, W H Bell, A Belymam, J Benes, P Benes, J Bernabeu, S Bethke, J P Bizzell, J Blocki, J Bohm, C N Booth, E V Bouhova-Thacker, O Brandt, T J Brodbeck, Z Broklova, J Broz, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, S Burdin, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, E Capocci, C Carpentieri, A A Carter, J R Carter, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, M Chamizo llatas, D G Charlton, A Cheplakov, A Chilingarov, S Chouridou, D Chren, M L Chu, V Cindro, A Ciocio, J V Civera, A Clark, A P Colijn, M J Costa, D Costanzo, J Cox, C Dabinett, W Dabrowski, J Dalmau, K M Danielsen, S D'Auria, I Dawson, P de Jong, M D Dehchar, B Demirköz, P Dervan, S Diez Cornell, S D Dixon, E Dobson, Z Dolezal, M Donega, M D'Onofrio, O Dorholt, M Doubrava, J D Dowell, Z Drasal, I P Duerdoth, R Duxfield, M Dwuznik, S Eckert, L M Eklund, R Ely, C Escobar, V Fadeyev, D Fasching, F Fawzi, L Feld, D Ferguson, P Ferrari, D Ferrere, J Fopma, P Ford, R Fortin, J M Foster, H Fox, T J Fraser, J Freestone, R S French, J Fuster, S Gadomski, B J Gallop, M Galuska, F C Gannaway, C Garcia, J E Garcia Navarro, N Ghodbane, M D Gibson, S M Gibson, T Göttfert, S Gonzalez, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, M J Goodrick, G Gorfine, A Gorišek, E Gornicki, A Greenall, D Greenfield, A A Grillo, J Grosse-Knetter, C Haber, R Härtel, K Hanagaki, T Hansl-Kozanecka, K Hara, M Harris, F G Hartjes, D Hauff, B M Hawes, T Hayler, S J Haywood, F E W Heinemann, R C W Henderson, N P Hessey, A Hicheur, J C Hill, M C Hodgkinson, P Hodgson, T I Hollins, A Holmes, R Holt, T Holy, T Horazdovsky, S Hou, D F Howell, G Hughes, T Huse, M Ibbotson, Y Ikegami, C Issever, K Jakobs, J Jakubek, R C Jared, P Jarron, L G Johansen, P Johansson, A Jones, M Jones, R W L Jones, T J Jones, T W Jones, D Joos, J Joseph, P Jovanovic, J Jusko, O Jusko, J Kaplon, M Karagöz Ünel, V Kartvelishvili, N Kerschen, C Ketterer, A G Kholodenko, S H Kim, S Kluth, P Kodys, E Koffeman, Z Kohout, T Kohriki, T Kondo, S Koperny, V Koukol, V Kral, G Kramberger, P Kubik, N Kundu, C Lacasta, V R Lacuesta, W Lau, S-C Lee, R P Lefevre, K J C Leney, C G Lester, Z Liang, M Limper, S W Lindsay, V Linhart, A J Lintern, G Llosa Llacer, C Lockett, F K Loebinger, M Lozano Fantoba, I Ludwig, J Ludwig, G Lutz, J Lynn, M Maaßen, D Macina, A Macpherson, C Macwaters, C A Magrath, P Malecki, I Mandić, M Mangin-Brinet, S Marti i Garcia, G F Martinez-McKinney, T Maruyama, J Matheson, S J McMahon, T J McMahon, J Meinhardt, B R Mellado Garcia, I Messmer, B Mikulec, M Mikuž, S Mima, M Minano, J Mistry, V A Mitsou, P Modesto, S Moed, B Mohn, R M Moles Valls, G F Moorhead, J Morin, A K Morley, M-C Morone, J Morris, M C Morrissey, H G Moser, A Moszczynski, A J M Muijs, W J Murray, K Nagai, Y Nagai, D Naito, K Nakamura, I Nakano, C Nelson, A Nichols, R Nicholson, R B Nickerson, R Nisius, M Olcese, M Olivo Gomez, V O'Shea, B Ottewell, O Oye, E Paganis, M J Palmer, M A Parker, U Parzefall, S Pataraia, J R Pater, G Pellegrini, H Pernegger, E Perrin, A W Phillips, P W Phillips, K Poltorak, S Pospisil, T Pritchard, K Prokofiev, P N Ratoff, P Reznicek, V N Riadovikov, R H Richter, A Robichaud-Veronneau, D Robinson, S Roe, K Runge, H F Sadrozinski, J Sanchez, H Sandaker, J Santander, D Scheirich, J Schieck, K Sedlak, A Seiden, A Sfyrla, T Slavicek, T J Sloan, B Smith, M Smizanska, S W Snow, M Solar, A O Solberg, B Sopko, V Sopko, L Sospedra Suay, E Spencer, H Spieler, E Stanecka, S Stapnes, J Stastny, I Stekl, M Stodulski, A Stradling, B Stugu, P Sutcliffe, R R Szczygiel, R Takashima, R Tanaka, G J Tappern, J Tarrant, G N Taylor, P K Teng, S Terada, R J Thompson, M Titov, D R Tovey, S N Tovey, A Tricoli, M Turala, M Tyndel, F Ukegawa, M Ullan Comes, Y Unno, V Vacek, S Valkar, E Van der Kraaij, T Vickey, G H A Viehhauser, E G Villani, A P Vorobiev, J H Vossebeld, V Vrba, T Vu Anh, R S Wallny, C P Ward, R Wastie, P Webb, M Webel, M Weber, A R Weidberg, P M Weilhammer, C Weiser, P S Wells, P Werneke, M J White, M Wiesmann, I Wilhelm, I Wilmut, J A Wilson, M W Wolter, S L Wu, H Z Zhu and A Zsenei 2008 JINST 3 P10006 doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/10/P10006
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ID Code:17284
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 22:11
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 01:25

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