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The Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS): The Morphological Content and Environmental Dependence of the Galaxy Color-Magnitude Relation at z ~ 0.7

Cassata, P. and Guzzo, L. and Franceschini, A. and Scoville, N. and Capak, P. and Ellis, R. S. and Koekemoer, A. and McCracken, H. J. and Mobasher, B. and Renzini, A. and Ricciardelli, E. and Scodeggio, M. and Taniguchi, Y. and Thompson, D. (2007) The Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS): The Morphological Content and Environmental Dependence of the Galaxy Color-Magnitude Relation at z ~ 0.7. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 172 (1). pp. 270-283. ISSN 0067-0049. doi:10.1086/516591.

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We study the environmental dependence and the morphological composition of the galaxy color-magnitude diagram at z ~ 0.7, using a pilot subsample of COSMOS. The sample includes ~2000 galaxies with I_(AB) < 24 and photometric redshift within 0.61 < z < 0.85, covering an area of 270 arcmin^2. Galaxy morphologies are estimated via a nonparametric automatic technique. The (V - z') versus z' color-magnitude diagram shows a clear red sequence dominated by early-type galaxies and a remarkably well-defined "blue sequence" described by late-type objects. While the percentage of objects populating the two sequences is a function of environment, also following a clear morphology/color-density relation at this redshift, we establish that their normalization and slope are independent of local density. We identify and study a number of objects with "anomalous" colors, given their morphology, polluting the two sequences. Red late-type galaxies are found to be mostly highly inclined or edge-on spiral galaxies for which colors are dominated by internal reddening by dust. In a sample of color-selected red galaxies, these would represent 33% contamination with respect to truly passive spheroidals. Conversely, the population of blue early-type galaxies is composed of objects of moderate luminosity and mass, concurring to only ~5% of the mass in spheroidal galaxies. The majority of them (~70%) occupy a position in the μ_B-r_(50) plane not consistent with their being precursors of current-epoch elliptical galaxies. Their fraction with respect to the whole galaxy population does not depend on the environment, at variance with the general early-type class. In a color-mass diagram, color sequences are even better defined, with red galaxies covering in general a wider range of masses at nearly constant color, and blue galaxies showing a more pronounced dependence of color on mass. While the red sequence is adequately reproduced by models of passive evolution, the blue sequence is better interpreted as a specific star formation sequence. The substantial invariance of its slope and normalization with respect to local density suggests that the overall "secular" star formation is driven more by galaxy mass than by environment.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Scoville, N.0000-0002-0438-3323
Capak, P.0000-0003-3578-6843
Ellis, R. S.0000-0001-7782-7071
Koekemoer, A.0000-0002-6610-2048
McCracken, H. J.0000-0002-9489-7765
Renzini, A.0000-0002-7093-7355
Taniguchi, Y.0000-0003-2247-3741
Additional Information:© 2007 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2006 June 9; accepted 2007 January 18. P. C. thanks the Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera for hospitality during the development of this work. L. G. thanks C. Firmani and A. Boselli for useful discussions. We thank T. Kodama for providing us with his model red sequences in electronic form. P. C. thanks P. Franzetti for providing Bruzual&Charlot models. We thank Marcella Carollo and Simon Lilly for suggesting the Kormendy relation analysis.
Subject Keywords:galaxies : clusters : general; galaxies : evolution; galaxies : general; galaxies : structure; large-scale structure of universe
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100212-132252052
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Official Citation:The Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS): The Morphological Content and Environmental Dependence of the Galaxy Color-Magnitude Relation at z ~ 0.7 P. Cassata, L. Guzzo, A. Franceschini, N. Scoville, P. Capak, R. S. Ellis, A. Koekemoer, H. J. McCracken, B. Mobasher, A. Renzini, E. Ricciardelli, M. Scodeggio, Y. Taniguchi, and D. Thompson 2007 ApJS 172 270-283 doi: 10.1086/516591
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:17471
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:16 Feb 2010 19:38
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 23:36

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