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The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) during MRO’s Primary Science Phase (PSP)

McEwen, Alfred S. and Banks, Maria E. and Baugh, Nicole and Becker, Kris and Boyd, Aaron and Bergstrom, James W. and Beyer, Ross A. and Bortolini, Edward and Bridges, Nathan T. and Byrne, Shane and Castalia, Bradford and Chuang, Frank C. and Crumpler, Larry S. and Daubar, Ingrid and Davatzes, Alix K. and Deardorff, Donald G. and DeJong, Alaina and Delamere, W. Alan and Dobrea, Eldar Noe and Dundas, Colin M. and Eliason, Eric M. and Espinoza, Yisrael and Fennema, Audrie and Fishbaugh, Kathryn E. and Forrester, Terry and Geissler, Paul E. and Grant, John A. and Griffes, Jennifer L. and Grotzinger, John P. and Gulick, Virginia C. and Hansen, Candice J. and Herkenhoff, Kenneth E. and Heyd, Rodney and Jaeger, Windy L. and Jones, Dean and Kanefsky, Bob and Keszthelyi, Laszlo and King, Robert and Kirk, Randolph L. and Kolb, Kelly J. and Lasco, Jeffrey and Lefort, Alexandra and Leis, Richard and Lewis, Kevin W. and Martinez-Alonso, Sara and Mattson, Sarah and McArthur, Guy and Mellon, Michael T. and Metz, Joannah M. and Milazzo, Moses P. and Milliken, Ralph E. and Motazedian, Tahirih and Okubo, Chris H. and Ortiz, Albert and Philippoff, Andrea J. and Plassmann, Joseph and Polit, Anjani and Russell, Patrick S. and Schaller, Christian and Searls, Mindy and Spriggs, Timothy and Squyres, Steven W. and Tarr, Steven and Thomas, Nicolas and Thomson, Bradley J. and Tornabene, Livio L. and Van Houten, Charlie and Verba, Circe and Weitz, Catherine M. and Wray, James J. (2010) The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) during MRO’s Primary Science Phase (PSP). Icarus, 205 (1). pp. 2-37. ISSN 0019-1035.

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The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) acquired 8 terapixels of data in 9137 images of Mars between October 2006 and December 2008, covering ~0.55% of the surface. Images are typically 5–6 km wide with 3-color coverage over the central 20% of the swath, and their scales usually range from 25 to 60 cm/pixel. Nine hundred and sixty stereo pairs were acquired and more than 50 digital terrain models (DTMs) completed; these data have led to some of the most significant science results. New methods to measure and correct distortions due to pointing jitter facilitate topographic and change-detection studies at sub-meter scales. Recent results address Noachian bedrock stratigraphy, fluvially deposited fans in craters and in or near Valles Marineris, groundwater flow in fractures and porous media, quasi-periodic layering in polar and non-polar deposits, tectonic history of west Candor Chasma, geometry of clay-rich deposits near and within Mawrth Vallis, dynamics of flood lavas in the Cerberus Palus region, evidence for pyroclastic deposits, columnar jointing in lava flows, recent collapse pits, evidence for water in well-preserved impact craters, newly discovered large rayed craters, and glacial and periglacial processes. Of particular interest are ongoing processes such as those driven by the wind, impact cratering, avalanches of dust and/or frost, relatively bright deposits on steep gullied slopes, and the dynamic seasonal processes over polar regions. HiRISE has acquired hundreds of large images of past, present and potential future landing sites and has contributed to scientific and engineering studies of those sites. Warming the focal-plane electronics prior to imaging has mitigated an instrument anomaly that produces bad data under cold operating conditions.

Item Type:Article
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Grotzinger, John P.0000-0001-9324-1257
Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.0000-0002-3153-6663
Lewis, Kevin W.0000-0003-3412-803X
Additional Information:© 2009 Elsevier Inc. Received 4 November 2008; revised 8 April 2009; accepted 17 April 2009; available online 18 May 2009. We thank everyone who has made HiRISE possible, including those at NASA, JPL, Lockheed–Martin, BATC and subcontractors, and the University of Arizona. A.S.M. especially thanks Larry Soderblom (USGS) and the late Gene Shoemaker for providing examples of doing what’s best for the science community. For constructive reviews we thank E. Hauber, J. Johnson, L. Soderblom, and an undisclosed reviewer. This work was supported by the NASA/JPL MRO project.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:Mars; surface; Mars; climate; Mars; polar geology; Image processing
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100217-111016570
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:17503
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:17 Feb 2010 22:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 01:29

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