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The Massive Hosts of Radio Galaxies across Cosmic Time

Seymour, Nick and Stern, Daniel and de Breuck, Carlos and Vernet, Joël and Rettura, Alessandro and Dickinson, Mark and Dey, Arjun and Eisenhardt, Peter and Fosbury, Robert and Lacy, Mark and McCarthy, Pat and Miley, George and Rocca-Volmerange, Brigitte and Röttgering, Huub and Stanford, S. Adam and Teplitz, Harry and van Breugel, Wil and Zirm, Andrew (2007) The Massive Hosts of Radio Galaxies across Cosmic Time. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 171 (2). pp. 353-375. ISSN 0067-0049. doi:10.1086/517887.

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We present the results of a comprehensive Spitzer survey of 69 radio galaxies across 1 < z < 5.2. Using IRAC (3.6-8.0 μm), IRS (16 μm), and MIPS (24-160 μm) imaging, we decompose the rest-frame optical to infrared spectral energy distributions into stellar, AGN, and dust components and determine the contribution of host galaxy stellar emission at rest-frame H band. Stellar masses derived from rest-frame near-IR data, where AGN and young star contributions are minimized, are significantly more reliable than those derived from rest-frame optical and UV data. We find that the fraction of emitted light at rest-frame H band from stars is >60% for ~75% of the high-redshift radio galaxies. As expected from unified models of AGNs, the stellar fraction of the rest-frame H-band luminosity has no correlation with redshift, radio luminosity, or rest-frame mid-IR (5 μm) luminosity. In addition, while the stellar H-band luminosity does not vary with stellar fraction, the total H-band luminosity anticorrelates with the stellar fraction as would be expected if the underlying hosts of these radio galaxies comprise a homogeneous population. The resultant stellar luminosities imply stellar masses of 10^(11)-10^(11.5) M_☉ even at the highest redshifts. Powerful radio galaxies tend to lie in a similar region of mid-IR color-color space as unobscured AGNs, despite the stellar contribution to their mid-IR SEDs at shorter wavelengths. The mid-IR luminosities alone classify most HzRGs as LIRGs or ULIRGs with even higher total-IR luminosities. As expected, these exceptionally high mid-IR luminosities are consistent with an obscured, highly accreting AGN. We find a weak correlation of stellar mass with radio luminosity.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Seymour, Nick0000-0003-3506-5536
Stern, Daniel0000-0003-2686-9241
de Breuck, Carlos0000-0002-6637-3315
Rettura, Alessandro0000-0002-5615-256X
Dickinson, Mark0000-0001-5414-5131
Dey, Arjun0000-0002-4928-4003
Lacy, Mark0000-0002-3032-1783
Teplitz, Harry0000-0002-7064-5424
Additional Information:© 2007 American Astronomical Society. Print publication: Issue 2 (2007 August); received 2007 January 2; accepted for publication 2007 March 2. We would like to thank the referee for the constructive comments provided on the clarification of this paper. N. S. and D. S. thank ESO for generous hospitality on several occasions over the last few years. We thank Dave Frayer and Ranga-Ram Chary for advice on reducing the MIPS data and the IRAC instrument team for allowing publication of GTOdata on 4C 41.17 and 6C 0140+326. This work is based on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech. The work by W. v. B. was performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration by the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract W-7405-Eng-48. W. v. B. also acknowledges support for radio galaxy studies at UC Merced, including the work reported here, with the Spitzer Space Telescope via NASA grants SST 1264353, 1265551, 1279182, and 1281587.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)W-7405-ENG-48
NASASST 1264353
NASASST 1265551
NASASST 1279182
NASASST 1281587
Subject Keywords:galaxies: active; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: high-redshift
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100219-111944105
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The Massive Hosts of Radio Galaxies across Cosmic Time Nick Seymour, Daniel Stern, Carlos De Breuck, Joel Vernet, Alessandro Rettura, Mark Dickinson, Arjun Dey, Peter Eisenhardt, Robert Fosbury, Mark Lacy, Pat McCarthy, George Miley, Brigitte Rocca-Volmerange, Huub Röttgering, S. Adam Stanford, Harry Teplitz, Wil van Breugel, and Andrew Zirm 2007 ApJS 171 353-375 doi: 10.1086/517887
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:17538
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:22 Feb 2010 17:00
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 23:36

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