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UV-Optical Colors as Probes of Early-Type Galaxy Evolution

Kaviraj, S. and Schawinski, K. and Devriendt, J. E. G. and Ferreras, I. and Khochfar, S. and Yoon, S.-J. and Yi, S. K. and Deharveng, J.-M. and Boselli, A. and Barlow, T. and Conrow, T. and Forster, K. and Friedman, P. G. and Martin, D. C. and Morrissey, P. and Neff, S. and Schiminovich, D. and Seibert, M. and Small, T. and Wyder, T. and Bianchi, L. and Donas, J. and Heckman, T. and Lee, Y.-W. and Madore, B. and Milliard, B. and Rich, R. M. and Szalay, A. (2007) UV-Optical Colors as Probes of Early-Type Galaxy Evolution. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 173 (2). pp. 619-642. ISSN 0067-0049.

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We have studied ~2100 early-type galaxies in the SDSS DR3 which have been detected by the GALEX Medium Imaging Survey (MIS), in the redshift range 0 < z < 0.11. Combining GALEX UV photometry with corollary optical data from the SDSS, we find that, at a 95% confidence level, at least ~30% of galaxies in this sample have UV to optical colors consistent with some recent star formation within the last Gyr. In particular, galaxies with an NUV − r color less than 5.5 are very likely to have experienced such recent star formation, taking into account the possibility of a contribution to NUV flux from the UV upturn phenomenon. We find quantitative agreement between the observations and the predictions of a semianalytical ΛCDM hierarchical merger model and deduce that early-type galaxies in the redshift range 0 < z < 0.11 have ~1%-3% of their stellar mass in stars less than 1 Gyr old. The average age of this recently formed population is ~300-500 Myr. We also find that "monolithically" evolving galaxies, where recent star formation can be driven solely by recycled gas from stellar mass loss, cannot exhibit the blue colors (NUV − r < 5.5) seen in a significant fraction (~30%) of our observed sample.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Schawinski, K.0000-0001-5464-0888
Devriendt, J. E. G.0000-0002-8140-0422
Forster, K.0000-0001-5800-5531
Martin, D. C.0000-0002-8650-1644
Morrissey, P.0000-0001-8177-1023
Seibert, M.0000-0002-1143-5515
Bianchi, L.0000-0001-7746-5461
Madore, B.0000-0002-1576-1676
Rich, R. M.0000-0003-0427-8387
Additional Information:© 2007 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2006 January 4; accepted 2006 September 11. We are grateful to the anonymous referee for various clarifications. We warmly thank Chris Wolf for providing high-resolution COMBO-17 images, which formed an integral part of our morphological classification process. We also thank Mariangela Bernardi for her generous help in the initial stages of this project, for providing the DR2 versions of her SDSS early-type catalog prior to publication, and many interesting discussions. We are grateful to Jeremy Blaizot for his extensive help with the GALICS model and to Andre´s Jorda´n, Joseph Silk, Roger Davies, and Andrew Benson for many useful comments regarding this work. S. K. acknowledges PPARC graduate D Phil scholarship PPA/S/S/ 2002/03532. This work was supported by grant R01-2006-000- 10716-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation and Yonsei University Research Fund (2005) to S. K. Y.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory, Space Astrophysics Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC)PPA/S/S/2002/03532
Korea Science and Engineering FoundationR01-2006-000-10716-0
Yonsei UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: fundamental parameters
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100222-105254739
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:UV-Optical Colors as Probes of Early-Type Galaxy Evolution S. Kaviraj, K. Schawinski, J. E. G. Devriendt, I. Ferreras, S. Khochfar, S.-J. Yoon, S. K. Yi, J.-M. Deharveng, A. Boselli, T. Barlow, T. Conrow, K. Forster, P. G. Friedman, D. C. Martin, P. Morrissey, S. Neff, D. Schiminovich, M. Seibert, T. Small, T. Wyder, L. Bianchi, J. Donas, T. Heckman, Y.-W. Lee, B. Madore, B. Milliard, R. M. Rich, and A. Szalay 2007 ApJS 173 619-642 doi: 10.1086/516633
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:17552
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Mar 2010 17:47
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 21:08

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