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Ionic and electronic dark decay of holograms in LiNbO3:Fe crystals

Yang, Yunping and Nee, Ingo and Buse, Karsten and Psaltis, Demetri (2001) Ionic and electronic dark decay of holograms in LiNbO3:Fe crystals. Applied Physics Letters, 78 (26). pp. 4076-4078. ISSN 0003-6951. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:YANapl01

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Abstract

The lifetimes of nonfixed holograms in LiNbO3:Fe crystals with doping levels of 0.05, 0.138, and 0.25 wt % Fe2O3 have been measured in the temperature range from 30 to 180 °C. The time constants of the dark decay of holograms stored in crystals with doping levels of 0.05 and 0.25 wt % Fe2O3 obey an Arrhenius-type dependence on absolute temperature T, but yield two activation energies: 1.0 and 0.28 eV, respectively. For these crystals, two different dark decay mechanisms are prevailing, one of which is identified as proton compensation and the other is due to electron tunneling between sites of Fe2 + and Fe3 + . The dark decay of holograms stored in crystals with the doping level of 0.138 wt % Fe2O3 is the result of a combination of both effects.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2001 American Institute of Physics. (Received 21 November 2000; accepted 27 April 2001) This effort was sponsored by NSF, Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering ERC, DARPA, and Volkswagen-Stiftung. The authors thank the NSF and the DAAD for sponsoring the U.S.–German collaboration.
Subject Keywords:lithium compounds; iron; photorefractive materials; holography; charge compensation; tunnelling
Issue or Number:26
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:YANapl01
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:YANapl01
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1380247
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1777
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:18 Feb 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:45

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