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The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC

Bornheim, A. and Bunn, J. and Chen, J. and Denis, G. and Galvez, P. and Gataullin, M. and Legrand, I. and Litvine, V. and Ma, Y. and Mao, R. and Nae, D. and Narsky, I. and Newman, H. B. and Orimoto, T. and Rogan, C. and Shevchenko, S. and Steenberg, C. and Su, X. and Thomas , M. and Timciuc, V. and Van Lingen, F. and Veverka, J. and Voicu, B. R. and Wilkinson, R. and Xia, Yan and Yang, Y. and Zhang, L. Y. and Zhu, K. and Zhu, R. Y. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2008) The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. Journal of Instrumentation, 3 (8). Art. No. S08004. ISSN 1748-0221.

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The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is described. The detector operates at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It was conceived to study proton-proton (and lead-lead) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV (5.5 TeV nucleon-nucleon) and at luminosities up to 10^(34) cm^(−2) s^(−1) (10^(27) cm^(−2) s^(−1)). At the core of the CMS detector sits a high-magnetic-field and large-bore superconducting solenoid surrounding an all-silicon pixel and strip tracker, a lead-tungstate scintillating-crystals electromagnetic calorimeter, and a brass-scintillator sampling hadron calorimeter. The iron yoke of the flux-return is instrumented with four stations of muon detectors covering most of the 4π solid angle. Forward sampling calorimeters extend the pseudorapidity coverage to high values (|η| ≤ 5) assuring very good hermeticity. The overall dimensions of the CMS detector are a length of 21.6 m, a diameter of 14.6 m and a total weight of 12500 t.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Bornheim, A.0000-0002-0128-0871
Newman, H. B.0000-0003-0964-1480
Zhu, R. Y.0000-0003-3091-7461
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA. Issue 08 (August 2008). Received 9 January 2008, accepted for publication 18 May 2008. Published 14 August 2008. The design, construction, installation and commissioning of CMS would have been impossible without the devoted efforts of our numerous technical colleagues from the CERN departments and from all the CMS Institutes. The cost of the detectors, computing infrastructure, data acquisition and all other systems without which CMS would not be able to operate, was generously supported by the financing agencies involved in the experiment. We are particularly indebted to: Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research; FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq and FAPERJ (Brazil); Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science; CERN; CAS and NSFC (China); Croatian Ministry of Science and Technology; University of Cyprus; Estonian Academy of Sciences and NICPB; Academy of Finland, Finish Ministry of Education and Helsinki Institute of Physics; CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF and DESY (Germany); General Secretariat for Research and Technology (Greece); NKTH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); UCD (Ireland); INFN (Italy); KICOS (Korea); CINVESTAV (Mexico); PAEC (Pakistan); State Commission for Scientific Research (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan), Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Russian Federal Agency of Atomic Energy; Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Serbia; Oficina de Ciencia y Tecnologia (Spain); ETHZ, PSI, University of Zurich (Switzerland); National Science Council (Taipei); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA). We also acknowledge the important contributions provided by the following institutes: Research Institute of Applied Physical Problems, Minsk, Belarus; University for Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China; Digital and Computer Systems Laboratory, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland; Seoul National University of Education, Seoul, Korea; Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico; Myasishchev Design Bureau, Zhukovsky, Russia; Russian Federal Nuclear Centre, Scientific Research Institute for Technical Physics, Snezhinsk, Russia; Kharkov State University, Kharkov, Ukraine; University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO)UNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science (Bulgaria)UNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Croatian Ministry of Science and TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
University of CyprusUNSPECIFIED
Estonian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
National Institute of Chemical Physics and BiophysicsUNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education (Finland)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsches Elektronen-SynchrotronUNSPECIFIED
General Secretariat for Research and Technology (GSRT)UNSPECIFIED
National Office for Research and Technology (Hungary)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Atomic Energy (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science & Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (Iran)UNSPECIFIED
University College DublinUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Centro de Investigación y Estudios AvanzadosUNSPECIFIED
Atomic Energy Commission (Pakistan)UNSPECIFIED
State Commission for Scientific Research (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection of the Republic of SerbiaUNSPECIFIED
Oficina de Ciencia y Tecnologia UNSPECIFIED
Paul Scherrer InstituteUNSPECIFIED
University of ZurichUNSPECIFIED
National Science Council (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TÜBİTAK)UNSPECIFIED
Turkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu (TAEK)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Helsinki Institute of PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings high energy; Gaseous detectors; Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes; Solid state detectors; Calorimeters; Gamma detectors; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics; Particle identification methods; Particle tracking detectors; Spectrometers; Analogue electronic circuits; Control and monitor systems online; Data acquisition circuits; Data acquisition concepts; Detector control systems; Digital electronic circuits; Digital signal processing; Electronic detector readout concepts; Front-end electronics for detector readout; Modular electronics; Online farms and online filtering; Optical detector readout concepts; Trigger concepts and systems; VLSI circuits; Analysis and statistical methods; Computing; Data processing methods; Data reduction methods; Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Software architectures; Detector alignment and calibration methods; Detector cooling and thermo-stabilization; Detector design and construction technologies and materials; Detector grounding; Manufacturing; Overall mechanics design; Special cables; Voltage distributions.
Classification Code:PACS: 29.40.Gx; 29.40.Wk; 84.71.Ba; 29.40.Vj ; 13.75.Cs
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100428-073359749
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The CMS Collaboration and S Chatrchyan et al 2008 JINST 3 S08004 doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08004
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18073
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:28 Apr 2010 21:00
Last Modified:12 Dec 2018 19:25

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