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MAP: Medial axis based geometric routing in sensor networks

Bruck, Jehoshua and Gao, Jie and Jiang, Anxiao (Andrew) (2007) MAP: Medial axis based geometric routing in sensor networks. Wireless Networks, 13 (6). pp. 835-853. ISSN 1022-0038. doi:10.1007/s11276-006-9857-z.

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One of the challenging tasks in the deployment of dense wireless networks (like sensor networks) is in devising a routing scheme for node to node communication. Important consideration includes scalability, routing complexity, quality of communication paths and the load sharing of the routes. In this paper, we show that a compact and expressive abstraction of network connectivity by the medial axis enables efficient and localized routing. We propose MAP, a Medial Axis based naming and routing Protocol that does not require geographical locations, makes routing decisions locally, and achieves good load balancing. In its preprocessing phase, MAP constructs the medial axis of the sensor field, defined as the set of nodes with at least two closest boundary nodes. The medial axis of the network captures both the complex geometry and non-trivial topology of the sensor field. It can be represented succinctly by a graph whose size is in the order of the complexity of the geometric features (e.g., the number of holes). Each node is then given a name related to its position with respect to the medial axis. The routing scheme is derived through local decisions based on the names of the source and destination nodes and guarantees delivery with reasonable and natural routes. We show by both theoretical analysis and simulations that our medial axis based geometric routing scheme is scalable, produces short routes, achieves excellent load balancing, and is very robust to variations in the network model.

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Bruck, Jehoshua0000-0001-8474-0812
Additional Information:© 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Published online: 23 October 2006. A preliminary version appeared in ACM International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom’05), August, 2005. This work was supported in part by the Lee Center for Advanced Networking at the California Institute of Technology, and by NSF grant CCR-TC-0209042.
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Caltech Lee Center for Advanced NetworkingUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Medial axis; Routing; System design; Sensor networks
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100505-134021747
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18142
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:06 May 2010 18:01
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 23:41

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