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The Massive Progenitor of the Type II-linear Supernova 2009kr

Elias-Rosa, Nancy and Van Dyk, Schuyler D. and Li, Weidong and Miller, Adam A. and Silverman, Jeffrey M. and Ganeshalingam, Mohan and Boden, Andrew F. and Kasliwal, Mansi M. and Vinkό, Jόzsef and Cuillandre, Jean-Charles and Filippenko, Alexei V. and Steele, Thea N. and Bloom, Joshua S. and Griffith, Christopher V. and Kleiser, Io K. W. and Foley, Ryan J. (2010) The Massive Progenitor of the Type II-linear Supernova 2009kr. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 714 (2). L254-L259. ISSN 2041-8205.

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We present early-time photometric and spectroscopic observations of supernova (SN) 2009kr in NGC 1832. We find that its properties to date support its classification as Type II-linear (SN II-L), a relatively rare subclass of core-collapse supernovae (SNe). We have also identified a candidate for the SN progenitor star through comparison of pre-explosion, archival images taken with WFPC2 on board the Hubble Space Telescope with SN images obtained using adaptive optics plus NIRC2 on the 10 m Keck-II telescope. Although the host galaxy's substantial distance (~26 Mpc) results in large uncertainties in the relative astrometry, we find that if this candidate is indeed the progenitor, it is a highly luminous (M^0_V = –7.8 mag) yellow supergiant with initial mass ~18-24 M_⊙. This would be the first time that an SN II-L progenitor has been directly identified. Its mass may be a bridge between the upper initial mass limit for the more common Type II-plateau SNe and the inferred initial mass estimate for one Type II-narrow SN.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Elias-Rosa, Nancy0000-0002-1381-9125
Van Dyk, Schuyler D.0000-0001-9038-9950
Miller, Adam A.0000-0001-9515-478X
Silverman, Jeffrey M.0000-0003-3325-3365
Kasliwal, Mansi M.0000-0002-5619-4938
Filippenko, Alexei V.0000-0003-3460-0103
Bloom, Joshua S.0000-0002-7777-216X
Additional Information:© 2010 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2009 December 16; accepted 2010 April 2; published 2010 April 16. Based in part on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope (HST), obtained from the Data Archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc., under NASA contract NAS 05-26555; the 6.5 m Magellan Clay Telescope located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile; various telescopes at Lick Observatory; the 1.3 m PAIRITEL on Mt. Hopkins; the SMARTS Consortium 1.3 m telescope located at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO), Chile; the 3.6 m Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii; and the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and NASA, with generous financial support from the W. M. Keck Foundation. We thank C. Blake, S. B. Cenko, B. Cobb, E. Falco, M. Kandrashoff, J. Kong, M. Modjaz, D. Starr, and T. Yuan for their assistance. J.V. received support from Hungarian OTKA Grant K76816, NSF Grant AST-0707769, and Texas Advanced Research Project grant ARP-0094. A.V.F.’s group and KAIT are supported by NSF grant AST-0908886, the Sylvia & Jim Katzman Foundation, the TABASGO Foundation, and NASA through grants AR-11248 and GO-10877 from STScI. PAIRITEL is operated by SAO with support from the Harvard University Milton Fund, UC Berkeley, University of Virginia, and NASA/Swift grant NNX09AQ66G. J.S.B. and his group are partially funded by a DOE SciDAC grant. Facilities: HST (WFPC2); KAIT; Nickel; Shane; CFHT(MegaCam); Keck:I(LRIS); Keck:II(NIRC2+AO, DEIMOS); CTIO:1.3m(SMARTS); Magellan:Clay(MagE)
Group:TAPIR, Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Hungarian National Scientific Research Fund/OTKAK76816
Texas Advanced Research ProjectARP-0094
Sylvia and Jim Katzman FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Harvard University Milton FundUNSPECIFIED
University of California, BerkeleyUNSPECIFIED
University of VirginiaUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: individual (NGC 1832) stars: evolution supernovae: general supernovae: individual (SN 2009kr)
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:PACS: 97.60.Bw; 95.85.Kr; 98.56.Ne ; 98.62.Lv ; 97.20.Pm
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100525-133734953
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Nancy Elias-Rosa et al 2010 ApJ 714 L254 doi: 10.1088/2041-8205/714/2/L254
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18433
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:25 May 2010 21:23
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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