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Towards inferring earthquake patterns from geodetic observations of interseismic coupling

Kaneko, Yoshihiro and Avouac, Jean-Philippe and Lapusta, Nadia (2010) Towards inferring earthquake patterns from geodetic observations of interseismic coupling. Nature Geoscience, 3 (5). pp. 363-369. ISSN 1752-0894. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100526-075511174

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Abstract

Ultimately, seismotectonic studies seek to provide ways of assessing the timing, magnitude and spatial extent of future earthquakes. Ample observations document the spatial variability in interseismic coupling, defined as a degree of locking of a fault during the period of stress build-up between seismic events: fully or nearly locked fault patches are often surrounded by aseismically creeping areas. However, it is unclear how these observations could help assess future earthquakes. Here we simulate spontaneous seismic and aseismic fault slip with a fully dynamic numerical model. Our simulations establish the dependence of earthquake rupture patterns and interseismic coupling on spatial variations of fault friction. We consider the long-term evolution of slip on a model fault where two seismogenic, locked segments are separated by an aseismically slipping patch where rupture is impeded. We find that the probability for a large earthquake to break through the rupture-impeding patch is correlated with the interseismic coupling averaged over this patch. In addition, the probability that an earthquake breaks through the rupture-impeding patch and interseismic coupling are both related to fault friction properties through a single non-dimensional parameter. Our study opens the possibility of predicting seismic rupture patterns that a fault system can produce on the basis of observations of its interseismic coupling, and suggests that regions of low interseismic coupling may reveal permanent barriers to large earthquakes.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NGEO843 DOIArticle
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v3/n5/abs/ngeo843.htmlPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Avouac, Jean-Philippe0000-0002-3060-8442
Lapusta, Nadia0000-0001-6558-0323
Additional Information:© 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 10 February 2010; accepted 18 March 2010; published online 25 April 2010. This study was supported by the National Science Foundation (grant EAR 0548277) and Caltech Tectonics Observatory. This is Caltech Tectonics Observatory contribution no 130. Numerical simulations for this study were carried out on the CITerra Dell cluster at the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences of the California Institute of Technology. Author contributions: Y.K. designed the study, carried out and analysed the numerical experiments and wrote the paper. J-P.A. and N.L. analysed the numerical experiments and contributed to the concept development. All authors discussed the results and commented on the paper.
Group:Caltech Tectonics Observatory, Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-0548277
Caltech Tectonics ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:seismology; structural geology: tectonics and geodynamics
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Tectonics Observatory130
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100526-075511174
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100526-075511174
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18442
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Jun 2010 19:50
Last Modified:01 Sep 2017 19:26

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