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Retired A Stars and Their Companions. IV. Seven Jovian Exoplanets from Keck Observatory

Johnson, John Asher and Howard, Andrew W. and Bowler, Brendan P. and Henry, Gregory W. and Marcy, Geoffrey W. and Wright, Jason T. and Fischer, Debra A. and Isaacson, Howard (2010) Retired A Stars and Their Companions. IV. Seven Jovian Exoplanets from Keck Observatory. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 122 (892). pp. 701-711. ISSN 0004-6280. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100616-084435213

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Abstract

We report precise Doppler measurements of seven subgiants from Keck Observatory. All seven stars show variability in their radial velocities consistent with planet-mass companions in Keplerian orbits. The host stars have masses ranging from 1.1 ≤ M_*/M_⊙ ≤ 1.9, radii 3.4 ≤ R_*/R_⊙ ≤ 6.1, and metallicities -0.21 ≤ [Fe/H] ≤ +0.26. The planets are all more massive than Jupiter (MP sin i > 1 M_(Jup)) and have semimajor axes a > 1 AU. We present millimagnitude photometry from the T3 0.4 m APT at Fairborn Observatory for five of the targets. Our monitoring shows these stars to be photometrically stable, further strengthening the interpretation of the observed radial velocity variability. The orbital characteristics of the planets thus far discovered around former A-type stars are very different from the properties of planets around dwarf stars of spectral type F, G, and K, and suggests that the formation and migration of planets is a sensitive function of stellar mass. Three of the planetary systems show evidence of long-term, linear trends indicative of additional distant companions. These trends, together with the high planet masses and increased occurrence rate, indicate that A-type stars are very promising targets for direct-imaging surveys.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/653809DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Johnson, John Asher0000-0001-9808-7172
Howard, Andrew W.0000-0001-8638-0320
Bowler, Brendan P.0000-0003-2649-2288
Henry, Gregory W.0000-0003-4155-8513
Marcy, Geoffrey W.0000-0002-2909-0113
Wright, Jason T.0000-0001-6160-5888
Fischer, Debra A.0000-0003-2221-0861
Isaacson, Howard0000-0002-0531-1073
Additional Information:© 2010 The Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Received 2009 December 28; accepted 2010 April 29; published 2010 May 19. Based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated jointly by the University of California and the California Institute of Technology. Keck time has been granted by both NASA and the University of California. We thank the many observers who contributed to the observations reported here. We gratefully acknowledge the efforts and dedication of the Keck Observatory staff, especially Grant Hill, Scott Dahm, and Hien Tran for their support of HIRES and Greg Wirth for support of remote observing. We are also grateful to the time assignment committees of NASA, NOAO, Caltech, and the University of California for their generous allocations of observing time. A. W. H. gratefully acknowledges support from a Townes Postdoctoral Fellowship at the U.C. Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory. J. A. J. thanks the NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship program for support in the years leading to the completion of this work, and acknowledges support from NSF grant AST-0702821 and the NASA Exoplanets Science Institute (NExScI). G. W. M. acknowledges NASA grant NNX06AH52G. J. T.W. received support from NSF grant AST-0504874. G. W. H acknowledges support from NASA, NSF, Tennessee State University, and the State of Tennessee through its Centers of Excellence program. Finally, we wish to extend special thanks to those of Hawaiian ancestry on whose sacred mountain of Mauna Kea we are privileged to be guests. Without their generous hospitality, the Keck observations presented herein would not have been possible.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
University of CaliforniaUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-0702821
NSFAST-0504874
NASANNX06AH52G
Tennessee State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
State of Tennessee Centers of Excellence programUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:892
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100616-084435213
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100616-084435213
Official Citation:Retired A Stars and Their Companions. IV. Seven Jovian Exoplanets from Keck Observatory John Asher Johnson, Andrew W. Howard, Brendan P. Bowler, Gregory W. Henry, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Jason T. Wright, Debra A. Fischer, and Howard Isaacson Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 2010 122:892, 701-711
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18698
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:15 Jul 2010 21:39
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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