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MACS J1423.8+2404: gravitational lensing by a massive, relaxed cluster of galaxies at z = 0.54

Limousin, M. and Ebeling, H. and Ma, C.-J. and Swinbank, A. M. and Smith, G. P. and Richard, J. and Edge, A. C. and Jauzac, M. and Kneib, J.-P. and Marshall, P. and Schrabback, T. (2010) MACS J1423.8+2404: gravitational lensing by a massive, relaxed cluster of galaxies at z = 0.54. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 405 (2). pp. 777-782. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We present results of a gravitational lensing and optical study of MACS J1423.8+2404 (z=0.545, MACS J1423), the most relaxed cluster in the high-redshift subsample of clusters discovered in the MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS). Our analysis uses high-resolution images taken with the Hubble Space Telescope in the F555W and F814W passbands, ground-based imaging in eight optical and near-infrared filters obtained with Subaru and Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope, as well as extensive spectroscopic data gathered with the Keck telescopes. At optical wavelengths, the cluster exhibits no sign of substructure and is dominated by a cD galaxy that is 2.1 mag (K band) brighter than the second brightest cluster member, suggesting that MACS J1423 is close to be fully virialized. Analysis of the redshift distribution of 140 cluster members reveals a Gaussian distribution, mildly disturbed by the presence of a loose galaxy group that may be falling into the cluster along the line of sight. Combining stronglensing constraints from two spectroscopically confirmed multiple-image systems near the cluster core with a weak-lensing measurement of the gravitational shear on larger scales, we derive a parametric mass model for the mass distribution. All constraints can be satisfied by a unimodal mass distribution centred on the cD galaxy and exhibiting very little substructure. The derived projected mass of M[<65 arcsec (415 kpc)] = (4.3 ± 0.6) × 10^(14) M_☉ is about 30 per cent higher than the one derived from X-ray analyses assuming spherical symmetry, suggesting a slightly prolate mass distribution consistent with the optical indication of residual line-of-sight structure. The similarity in shape and excellent alignment of the centroids of the total mass, K-band light and intracluster gas distributions add to the picture of a highly evolved system. The existence of a massive cluster like MACS J1423, nearly fully virialized only ~7 Gyr after the big bang, may have important implications for models of structure formation and evolution on cosmological time scales.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Smith, G. P.0000-0003-4494-8277
Richard, J.0000-0001-5492-1049
Kneib, J.-P.0000-0002-4616-4989
Additional Information:© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 RAS. Accepted 2010 February 9. Received 2010 February 1; in original form 2009 November 20. ML thanks the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and CNRS for their support. ML acknowledges support from the city of Marseille through an installation grant. The Dark Cosmology Centre is funded by the Danish National Research Foundation. HE gratefully acknowledges financial support from STScI grant GO-09722 and SAO grant GO3 4164X. AMS gratefully acknowledges a Royal Astronomical Society Sir Norman Lockyer Fellowship. GPS acknowledges support from the Royal Society and STFC. ACE acknowledges support from STFC. JR acknowledges support from an EU Marie-Curie fellowship. JPK acknowledges support from CNRS. TS acknowledges support from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
City of MarseilleUNSPECIFIED
Smithsonian Astrophysical ObservatoryGO3-4164X
Royal Astronomical SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gravitational lensing – galaxies: clusters: individual: MACS J1423.8+2404
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100630-140644911
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18877
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:06 Jul 2010 17:23
Last Modified:06 Nov 2019 05:21

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