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Evidence for High Molecular Weight Nitrogen-Containing Organic Salts in Urban Aerosols

Wang, Xiaofei and Gao, Song and Yang, Xing and Chen, Hong and Chen, Jianmin and Zhuang, Guoshun and Surratt, Jason D. and Chan, Man Nin and Seinfeld, John H. (2010) Evidence for High Molecular Weight Nitrogen-Containing Organic Salts in Urban Aerosols. Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (12). pp. 4441-4446. ISSN 0013-936X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100706-091228446

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Abstract

High molecular weight (M_w) species were observed at substantial intensities in the positive-ion mass spectra in urban Shanghai aerosols collected from a single-particle time-of-flight mass spectrometer (in the m/z range 250−500) during three separate periods over 2007−2009. These species correlate well with the CN− mass signal, suggesting that C−N bonds are prevalent and that the observed high-M_w species are potentially nitrogen-containing organic salts. Anti-correlation with the ambient O_3 concentration suggests that photochemical oxidants are not involved directly in the formation of these species. The Mannich reaction, among amines (or ammonia), formaldehyde, and carbonyls with an adjacent, acidic proton, is proposed as a plausible pathway leading to these organic salts. Although the high-M_w species observed in the single-particle mass spectra appear to be nitrogen-containing organics, further chemical confirmation is desired to verify if the proposed Mannich reaction can explain the formation of these high-M_w species in regions where ammonia, amines, and carbonyls are prevalent.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es1001117 DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es1001117PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Chen, Jianmin0000-0001-5859-3070
Surratt, Jason D. 0000-0002-6833-1450
Chan, Man Nin0000-0002-2384-2695
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 2010 American Chemical Society. Received January 12, 2010. Revised manuscript received April 27, 2010. Accepted May 4, 2010. Publication Date (Web): May 17, 2010. The ATOFMS work here was supported by The National Natural Science Foundation of China (20937001, 40875074 and 40875073). Support of J.D.S. and J.H.S. by the Electric Power Research Institute is acknowledged. The authors thank Douglas Worsnop for helpful discussions.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China20937001
National Natural Science Foundation of China40875074
National Natural Science Foundation of China40875073
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100706-091228446
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100706-091228446
Official Citation:Evidence for High Molecular Weight Nitrogen-Containing Organic Salts in Urban Aerosols Xiaofei Wang, Song Gao, Xin Yang, Hong Chen, Jianmin Chen, Guoshun Zhuang, Jason D. Surratt, Man Nin Chan, John H. Seinfeld Environmental Science & Technology 2010 44 (12), 4441-4446
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18903
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 19:59
Last Modified:26 Apr 2017 18:24

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