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The Buried Starburst in the Interacting Galaxy II Zw 096 as Revealed by the Spitzer Space Telescope

Inami, H. and Armus, L. and Surace, J. A. and Mazzarella, J. M. and Evans, A. S. and Sanders, D. B. and Howell, J. H. and Petric, A. and Vavilkin, T. and Iwasawa, K. and Haan, S. and Murphy, E. J. and Stierwalt, S. and Appleton, P. N. and Barnes, J. E. and Bothun, G. and Bridge, C. R. and Chan, B. and Charmandaris, V. and Frayer, D. T. and Kewley, L. J. and Kim, D. C. and Lord, S. and Madore, B. F. and Marshall, J. A. and Matsuhara, H. and Melbourne, J. E. and Rich, J. and Schulz, B. and Spoon, H. W. W. and Sturm, E. and U, V. and Veilleux, S. and Xu, K. (2010) The Buried Starburst in the Interacting Galaxy II Zw 096 as Revealed by the Spitzer Space Telescope. Astronomical Journal, 140 (1). pp. 63-74. ISSN 0004-6256.

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An analysis of data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, and AKARI Infrared Astronomy Satellite is presented for the z = 0.036 merging galaxy system II Zw 096 (CGCG 448-020). Because II Zw 096 has an infrared luminosity of log(L_(IR)/L_☉) = 11.94, it is classified as a Luminous Infrared Galaxy (LIRG), and was observed as part of the Great Observatories All-sky LIRG Survey (GOALS). The Spitzer data suggest that 80% of the total infrared luminosity comes from an extremely compact, red source not associated with the nuclei of the merging galaxies. The Spitzer mid-infrared spectra indicate no high-ionization lines from a buried active galactic nucleus in this source. The strong detection of the 3.3 μm and 6.2 μm polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission features in the AKARI and Spitzer spectra also implies that the energy source of II Zw 096 is a starburst. Based on Spitzer infrared imaging and AKARI near-infrared spectroscopy, the star formation rate is estimated to be 120 M_☉ yr^(-1) and >45 M_☉ yr^(-1), respectively. Finally, the high-resolution B-, I-, and H-band images show many star clusters in the interacting system. The colors of these clusters suggest at least two populations—one with an age of 1-5 Myr and one with an age of 20-500 Myr, reddened by 0-2 mag of visual extinction. The masses of these clusters span a range between 10^6 and 10^8 M_☉. This starburst source is reminiscent of the extranuclear starburst seen in NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae Galaxies) and Arp 299 but approximately an order of magnitude more luminous than the Antennae. The source is remarkable in that the off-nuclear infrared luminosity dominates the entire system.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Inami, H.0000-0003-4268-0393
Armus, L.0000-0003-3498-2973
Surace, J. A.0000-0001-7291-0087
Mazzarella, J. M.0000-0002-8204-8619
Evans, A. S.0000-0003-2638-1334
Sanders, D. B.0000-0002-1233-9998
Petric, A.0000-0003-4030-3455
Iwasawa, K.0000-0002-4923-3281
Murphy, E. J.0000-0001-7089-7325
Stierwalt, S.0000-0002-2596-8531
Appleton, P. N.0000-0002-7607-8766
Charmandaris, V.0000-0002-2688-1956
Frayer, D. T.0000-0003-1924-1122
Kewley, L. J.0000-0001-8152-3943
Madore, B. F.0000-0002-1576-1676
Marshall, J. A.0000-0001-7712-8465
Spoon, H. W. W.0000-0002-8712-369X
U, V.0000-0002-1912-0024
Veilleux, S.0000-0002-3158-6820
Xu, K.0000-0002-1588-6700
Additional Information:© 2010 American Astronomical Society. Received 2009 November 9; accepted 2010 April 19; published 2010 May 20. We thank J. Goldader and S. Satyapal for many helpful suggestions. The authors also thank an anonymous referee for suggestions which improved the manuscript. The Spitzer Space Telescope is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under NASA contract 1407. This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) and the Infrared Science Archive (IRSA) which are operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Hanae Inami thanks the Spitzer Visiting Graduate Student Fellowship (from 2008 September to 2009 February) and Grant-in-Aid for Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Fellows (21-969) for supporting this work. Facilities: Akari, CXO, HST, Spitzer
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Spitzer FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)21-969
Subject Keywords:galaxies: individual (II Zw 096); galaxies: interactions; galaxies: starburst; galaxies: star clusters: general; infrared: galaxies
Issue or Number:1
Classification Code:PACS: 95.80.+p; 95.85.Gn; 98.65.At; 98.54.Ep; 98.62.Qz; 98.62.Lv
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100706-101351253
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:H. Inami et al 2010 The Astronomical Journal 140 63 doi: 10.1088/0004-6256/140/1/63
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:18906
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:06 Jul 2010 20:07
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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