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An extraterrestrial ^3He-based timescale for the Paleocene–Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) from Walvis Ridge, IODP Site 1266

Murphy, B. H. and Farley, K. A. and Zachos, J. C. (2010) An extraterrestrial ^3He-based timescale for the Paleocene–Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) from Walvis Ridge, IODP Site 1266. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74 (17). pp. 5098-5108. ISSN 0016-7037. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100907-105245009

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Abstract

In the deep-sea, the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) is often marked by clay-rich condensed intervals caused by dissolution of carbonate sediments, capped by a carbonate-rich interval. Constraining the duration of both the dissolution and subsequent cap-carbonate intervals is essential to computing marine carbon fluxes and thus testing hypotheses for the origin of this event. To this end, we provide new high-resolution helium isotope records spanning the Paleocene–Eocene boundary at ODP Site 1266 in the South Atlantic. The extraterrestrial ^3He, ^3He_(ET), concentrations replicate trends observed at ODP Site 690 by Farley and Eltgroth (2003). By assuming a constant flux of ^3He_(ET) we constrain relative changes in accumulation rates of sediment across the PETM and construct a new age model for the event. In this new chronology the zero carbonate layer represents 35 kyr, some of which reflects clay produced by dissolution of Paleocene (pre-PETM) sediments. Above this layer, carbonate concentrations increase for ~165 kyr and remain higher than in the latest Paleocene until 234 ^(+48)/_(−34) kyr above the base of the clay. The new chronology indicates that minimum δ^(13)C values persisted for a maximum of 134 ^(+27)/_(−19) kyr and the inflection point previously chosen to designate the end of the CIE recovery occurs at 217 ^(+44)/_(−31) kyr. This allocation of time differs from that of the cycle-based age model of Röhl et al. (2007) in that it assigns more time to the clay layer followed by a more gradual recovery of carbonate-rich sedimentation. The new model also suggests a longer sustained δ^(13)C excursion followed by a more rapid recovery to pre-PETM δ^(13)C values. These differences have important implications for constraining the source(s) of carbon and mechanisms for its subsequent sequestration, favoring models that include a sustained release of carbon after an initial pulse.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.03.039DOIUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2010 Elsevier. Received 6 July 2009; accepted 26 March 2010. Associate editor: Jitendra N. Goswami. Available online 11 June 2010. This paper benefited by the comments of by AE J.N. Goswami, Greg Ravizza, and Franco Marcantonio during the review process. We thank Margaret Delaney, Jerry Dickens, Paul Koch, Julie Murphy, Thomas Westerhold, and Richard Zeebe for helpful discussions and Ryan Haupt, Lindsey Hedges, and Nadine Periat for their analytical assistance. This work was supported by National Science Foundation Grant EAR-0628719.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-0628719
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20100907-105245009
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20100907-105245009
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:19798
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Sep 2010 16:59
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 12:23

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