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Lead-tellurium oxysalts from Otto Mountain near Baker, California: V. Timroseite, Pb_2Cu_5^(2+)(Te^(6+)O_6)_2(OH)_2, and paratimroseite, Pb_2Cu_4^(2+)(Te^(6+)O_6)_2(H_2O)_2, two new tellurates with Te-Cu polyhedral sheets

Kampf, Anthony R. and Mills, Stuart J. and Housley, Robert M. and Marty, Joseph and Thorne, Brent (2010) Lead-tellurium oxysalts from Otto Mountain near Baker, California: V. Timroseite, Pb_2Cu_5^(2+)(Te^(6+)O_6)_2(OH)_2, and paratimroseite, Pb_2Cu_4^(2+)(Te^(6+)O_6)_2(H_2O)_2, two new tellurates with Te-Cu polyhedral sheets. American Mineralogist, 95 (10). pp. 1560-1568. ISSN 0003-004X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101028-083917630

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Abstract

Timroseite, Pb_2Cu_5^(2+)(Te^(6+)O_6)_2(OH)_2, and paratimroseite, Pb_2Cu_4^(2+)(Te^(6+)O_6)_2(H_2O)_2, are two new tellurates from Otto Mountain near Baker, California. Timroseite is named in honor of Timothy (Tim) P. Rose and paratimroseite is named for its relationship to timroseite. Both new minerals occur on fracture surfaces and in small vugs in brecciated quartz veins. Timroseite is directly associated with acanthite, cerussite, bromine-rich chlorargyrite, chrysocolla, gold, housleyite, iodargyrite, khinite-4O, markcooperite, ottoite, paratimroseite, thorneite, vauquelinite, and wulfenite. Paratimroseite is directly associated with calcite, cerussite, housleyite, khinite-4O, markcooperite, and timroseite. Timroseite is orthorhombic, space group P2_1nm, a = 5.2000(2), b = 9.6225(4), c = 11.5340(5) Å, V = 577.13(4) Å^3, and Z = 2. Paratimroseite is orthorhombic, space group P2_12_12_1, a = 5.1943(4), b = 9.6198(10), c = 11.6746(11) Å, V = 583.35(9) Å^3, and Z = 2. Timroseite commonly occurs as olive to lime green, irregular, rounded masses and rarely in crystals as dark olive green, equant rhombs, and diamond-shaped plates in subparallel sheaf-like aggregates. It has a very pale yellowish green streak, dull to adamantine luster, a hardness of about 2 1/2 (Mohs), brittle tenacity, irregular fracture, no cleavage, and a calculated density of 6.981 g/cm^3. Paratimroseite occurs as vibrant "neon" green blades typically intergrown in irregular clusters and as lime green botryoids. It has a very pale green streak, dull to adamantine luster, a hardness of about 3 (Mohs), brittle tenacity, irregular fracture, good {001} cleavage, and a calculated density of 6.556 g/cm^3. Timroseite is biaxial (+) with a large 2V, indices of refraction > 2, orientation X = b, Y = a, Z = c and pleochroism: X = greenish yellow, Y = yellowish green, Z = dark green (Z > Y > X). Paratimroseite is biaxial (–) with a large 2V, indices of refraction > 2, orientation X = c, Y = b, Z = a and pleochroism: X = light green, Y = green, Z = green (Y = Z >> X). Electron microprobe analysis of timroseite provided PbO 35.85, CuO 29.57, TeO_3 27.75, Cl 0.04, H_2O 1.38 (structure), O≡Cl –0.01, total 94.58 wt%; the empirical formula (based on O+Cl = 14) is Pb_(2.07) Cu^(2+)_(4.80)Te^(6+)_(2.04)O_(12)(OH)_(1.98)Cl_(0.02). Electron microprobe analysis of paratimroseite provided PbO 36.11, CuO 26.27, TeO_3 29.80, Cl 0.04, H_2O 3.01 (structure), O≡Cl –0.01, total 95.22 wt%; the empirical formula (based on O+Cl = 14) is Pb_(1.94)Cu^(2+)_(3.96)Te^(6+)_(2.03)O_(12)(H_2O)_(1.99)Cl_(0.01). The strongest powder X-ray diffraction lines for timroseite are [d_(obs) in Å (hkl) I]: 3.693 (022) 43, 3.578 (112) 44, 3.008 (023) 84, 2.950 (113) 88, 2.732 (130) 100, 1.785 (multiple) 33, 1.475 (332) 36; and for paratimroseite 4.771 (101) 76, 4.463 (021) 32, 3.544 (120) 44, 3.029 (023,122) 100, 2.973 (113) 48, 2.665 (131) 41, 2.469 (114) 40, 2.246 (221) 34. The crystal structures of timroseite (R_1 = 0.029) and paratimroseite (R_1 = 0.039) are very closely related. The structures are based upon edge- and corner-sharing sheets of Te and Cu polyhedra parallel to (001) and the sheets in both structures are identical in topology and virtually identical in geometry. In timroseite, the sheets are joined to one another along c by sharing the apical O atoms of Cu octahedra, as well as by sharing edges and corners with an additional CuO_5 square pyramid located between the sheets. The sheets in paratimroseite are joined only via Pb-O and H bonds.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2010.3514 DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://ammin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/95/10/1560PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2010 Mineralogical Society of America. Manuscript received January 28, 2010. Manuscript accepted May 6, 2010. Manuscript handled by Ian Swainson. We thank Associate Editor Ian Swainson, Technical Editor Ronald C. Petersen, and referees Mark A. Cooper and Andrew C. Roberts for helpful comments on the manuscript. Timothy P. Rose provided for study two of the three cotype specimens of timroseite, from which were obtained the only crystals suitable for single-crystal work. The EMP analyses were supported by a grant to the California Institute of Technology from the Northern California Mineralogical Association. The remainder of this study was funded by the John Jago Trelawney Endowment to the Mineral Sciences Department of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Northern California Mineralogical Association UNSPECIFIED
John Jago Trelawney Endowment UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Timroseite; paratimroseite; new mineral; tellurate; crystal structure; Otto Mountain; California
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101028-083917630
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101028-083917630
Official Citation:Kampf, A. R., S. J. Mills, et al. (2010). "Lead-tellurium oxysalts from Otto Mountain near Baker, California: V. Timroseite, Pb2Cu52+(Te6+O6)2(OH)2, and paratimroseite, Pb2Cu42+(Te6+O6)2(H2O)2, two new tellurates with Te-Cu polyhedral sheets." American Mineralogist 95(10): 1560-1568. DOI: 10.2138/am.2010.3514
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:20574
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Nov 2010 19:55
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 12:34

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