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Achieving the Theoretical Depairing Current Limit in Superconducting Nanomesh Films

Xu, Ke and Cao, Peigen and Heath, James R. (2010) Achieving the Theoretical Depairing Current Limit in Superconducting Nanomesh Films. Nano Letters, 10 (10). pp. 4206-4210. ISSN 1530-6984.

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We show the theoretical depairing current limit can be achieved in a robust fashion in highly ordered superconductor nanomesh films having spatial periodicities smaller than both the superconducting coherence length and the magnetic penetration depth. For a niobium nanomesh film with 34 nm spatial periodicity, the experimental critical current density is enhanced by more than 17 times over the continuous film and is in good agreement with the depairing limit over the entire measured temperature range. The nanomesh superconductors are also less susceptible to thermal fluctuations when compared to nanowire superconductors. T_c values similar to the bulk film are achieved, and the nanomeshes are capable of retaining superconductivity to higher fields relative to the bulk. In addition, periodic oscillations in T_c are observed as a function of field, reflecting the highly ordered nanomesh structure.

Item Type:Article
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Heath, James R.0000-0001-5356-4385
Additional Information:© 2010 American Chemical Society. Received for review: 07/23/2010. Published on Web: 08/25/2010. We thank Yue Zou for helpful discussions. This work was supported by the Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Superconductors, nanomaterials, electronic materials, nanofabrication
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101102-073526881
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Official Citation:Achieving the Theoretical Depairing Current Limit in Superconducting Nanomesh Films Ke Xu, Peigen Cao, James R. Heath Nano Letters 2010 10 (10), 4206-4210
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:20627
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:02 Nov 2010 15:38
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 02:12

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