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COSEBIs: Extracting the full E-/B-mode information from cosmic shear correlation functions

Schneider, P. and Eifler, T. and Krause, E. (2010) COSEBIs: Extracting the full E-/B-mode information from cosmic shear correlation functions. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 520 . A116. ISSN 0004-6361.

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Context. Cosmic shear is considered one of the most powerful methods for studying the properties of dark energy in the Universe. As a standard method, the two-point correlation functions ξ_±(ϑ) of the cosmic shear field are used as statistical measures for the shear field. Aims. In order to separate the observed shear into E- and B-modes, the latter being most likely produced by remaining systematics in the data set and/or intrinsic alignment effects, several statistics have been defined before. Here we aim at a complete E-/B-mode decomposition of the cosmic shear information contained in the ξ_± on a finite angular interval. Methods. We construct two sets of such E-/B-mode measures, namely Complete Orthogonal Sets of E-/B-mode Integrals (COSEBIs), characterized by weight functions between the ξ_± and the COSEBIs which are polynomials in ϑ or polynomials in ϑ, respectively. Considering the likelihood in cosmological parameter space, constructed from the COSEBIs, we study their information content. Results. We show that the information grows with the number of COSEBI modes taken into account, and that an asymptotic limit is reached which defines the maximum available information in the E-mode component of the ξ_±. We show that this limit is reached the earlier (i.e., for a smaller number of modes considered) the narrower the angular range is over which ξ_± are measured, and it is reached much earlier for logarithmic weight functions. For example, for on the interval 1' ≤ ϑ ≤ 400', the asymptotic limit for the parameter pair (Ω_m, σ_8) is reached for ~25 modes in the linear case, but already for 5 modes in the logarithmic case. The COSEBIs form a natural discrete set of quantities, which we suggest as method of choice in future cosmic shear likelihood analyses.

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Additional Information:© 2010 ESO. Received 10 February 2010; accepted 29 June 2010. We thank Liping Fu and Martin Kilbinger for interesting discussions on E-/B-mode separations which triggered this study, and an anonymous referee for constructive suggestions. We thank Marika Asgari for checking some of the numerical results presented here. This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft within the Transregional Research Center TR33 “The Dark Universe” and the Priority Programme 1177 “Galaxy Evolution” under the project SCHN 342/9.
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Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Transregional Research CenterTR33
Priority Programme 1177 "Galaxy Evolution"SCHN 342/9
Subject Keywords:large-scale structure of Universe; gravitational lensing: weak; cosmological parameters; methods: statistical
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101110-111004723
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Official Citation:COSEBIs: Extracting the full E-/B-mode information from cosmic shear correlation functions P. Schneider, T. Eifler and E. Krause A&A 520 A116 (2010) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201014235
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:20745
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:10 Nov 2010 23:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 02:14

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