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Rupture Process of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake

Ammon, Charles J. and Ji, Chen and Thio, Hong-Kie and Robinson, David and Ni, Sidao and Hjorleifsdottir, Vala and Kanamori, Hiroo and Lay, Thorne and Das, Shamita and Helmberger, Don V. and Ichinose, Gene and Polet, Jascha and Wald, David (2005) Rupture Process of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake. Science, 308 (5725). pp. 1133-1139. ISSN 0036-8075.

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The 26 December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake initiated slowly, with small slip and a slow rupture speed for the first 40 to 60 seconds. Then the rupture expanded at a speed of about 2.5 kilometers per second toward the north northwest, extending 1200 to 1300 kilometers along the Andaman trough. Peak displacements reached ~15 meters along a 600-kilometer segment of the plate boundary offshore of northwestern Sumatra and the southern Nicobar islands. Slip was less in the northern 400 to 500 kilometers of the aftershock zone, and at least some slip in that region may have occurred on a time scale beyond the seismic band.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Ji, Chen0000-0002-0350-5704
Ni, Sidao0000-0003-2988-4850
Hjorleifsdottir, Vala0000-0003-3275-108X
Kanamori, Hiroo0000-0001-8219-9428
Lay, Thorne0000-0003-2360-4213
Additional Information:© 2005 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 14 March 2005; accepted 27 April 2005. We acknowledge the efforts of those associated with the collection of data made freely available through the Federation of Digital Broadband Seismographic Networks. Seismic waveform data were obtained from the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) Data Management System. This work was supported in part by NSF contracts EAR-0125595 and EAR-0337491, USGS contract 04HQGR0038, and the California Institute of Technology Tectonics Observatory. S.N. was supported in part by the Outstanding Young Scientists Program of the National Science Foundation of China (40425005).
Group:Caltech Tectonics Observatory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Caltech Tectonics ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
National Science Foundation of China40425005
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Tectonics Observatory17
Issue or Number:5725
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101118-081149907
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:20875
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Nov 2010 21:36
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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