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A Herschel study of YSO evolutionary stages and formation timelines in two fields of the Hi-GAL survey

Elia, D. and Billot, N. and Paladini, R. (2010) A Herschel study of YSO evolutionary stages and formation timelines in two fields of the Hi-GAL survey. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 518 . L97. ISSN 0004-6361.

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We present a first study of the star-forming compact dust condensations revealed by Herschel in the two 2° × 2° Galactic Plane fields centered at [l, b] = [30°, 0°] and [l, b] =[59°, 0°] , respectively, and observed during the science demonstration phase for the Herschel Infrared GALactic plane survey (Hi-GAL) key-project. Compact source catalogs extracted for the two fields in the five Hi-GAL bands (70, 160, 250, 350 and 500 μm) were merged based on simple criteria of positional association and spectral energy distribution (SED) consistency into a final catalog which contains only coherent SEDs with counterparts in at least three adjacent Herschel bands. These final source lists contain 528 entries for the l = 30° field, and 444 entries for the = 59° field. The SED coverage has been augmented with ancillary data at 24 μm and 1.1 mm. SED modeling for the subset of 318 and 101 sources (in the two fields, respectively) for which the distance is known was carried out using both a structured star/disk/envelope radiative transfer model and a simple isothermal grey-body. Global parameters like mass, luminosity, temperature and dust properties have been estimated. The L_(bol)/M_(env) ratio spans four orders of magnitudes from values compatible with the pre-protostellar phase to embedded massive zero-age main sequence stars. Sources in the l = 59° field have on average lower L/M, possibly outlining an overall earlier evolutionary stage with respect to the sources in the l = 30° field. Many of these cores are actively forming high-mass stars, although the estimated core surface densities appear to be an order of magnitude below the 1 g cm^(-2) critical threshold for high-mass star formation.

Item Type:Article
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Paladini, R.0000-0002-5158-243X
Additional Information:© 2010 ESO. Received 31 March 2010; Accepted 16 April 2010; Published online 16 July 2010. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. Data processing and maps production has been possible thanks to ASI generous support via contract I/038/080/0.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)I/038/080/0
Subject Keywords:stars: formation; stars: pre-main sequence
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101119-104640677
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Official Citation:A Herschel study of YSO evolutionary stages and formation timelines in two fields of the Hi-GAL survey D. Elia, E. Schisano, S. Molinari, T. Robitaille, D. Anglés-Alcázar, J. Bally, C. Battersby, M. Benedettini, N. Billot, L. Calzoletti, A. M. Di Giorgio, F. Faustini, J. Z. Li, P. Martin, L. Morgan, F. Motte, J. C. Mottram, P. Natoli, L. Olmi, R. Paladini, F. Piacentini, M. Pestalozzi, S. Pezzuto, D. Polychroni, M. D. Smith, F. Strafella, G. S. Stringfellow, L. Testi, M. A. Thompson, A. Traficante and M. Veneziani A&A 518 L97 (2010) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201014651
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:20918
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:22 Nov 2010 16:40
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 02:17

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