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Far-field optical imaging and manipulation of individual spins with nanoscale resolution

Maurer, P. C. and Maze, J. R. and Stanwix, P. L. and Jiang, L. and Gorshkov, A. V. and Zibrov, A. S. and Harke, B. and Hodges, J. S. and Zibrov, A. S. and Yacoby, A. and Twitchen, D. and Hell, S. W. and Walsworth, R. L. and Lukin, M. D. (2010) Far-field optical imaging and manipulation of individual spins with nanoscale resolution. Nature Physics, 6 (11). pp. 912-918. ISSN 1745-2473.

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A fundamental limit to existing optical techniques for measurementand manipulation of spin degrees of freedom is set by diffraction, which does not allow spins separated by less than about a quarter of a micrometre to be resolved using conventional far-field optics. Here, we report an efficient far-field optical technique that overcomes the limiting role of diffraction, allowing individual electronic spins to be detected, imaged and manipulated coherently with nanoscale resolution. The technique involves selective flipping of the orientation of individual spins, associated with nitrogen-vacancy centres in room-temperature diamond, using a focused beam of light with intensity vanishing at a controllable location, which enables simultaneous single-spin imaging and magnetometry at the nanoscale with considerably less power than conventional techniques. Furthermore, by inhibiting spin transitions away from the laser intensity null, selective coherent rotation of individual spins is realized. This technique can be extended to subnanometre dimensions, thus enabling applications in diverse areas ranging from quantum information science to bioimaging.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle ReadCube access
Jiang, L.0000-0002-0000-9342
Zibrov, A. S.0000-0002-3200-4351
Zibrov, A. S.0000-0002-3200-4351
Lukin, M. D.0000-0002-8658-1007
Additional Information:© 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 05 November 2009; Accepted 09 August 2010; Published online 19 September 2010. We gratefully acknowledge P. Cappellaro, Y. Chu, S. Folling, M. Greiner, P. Hemmer, E. Rittweger, B. Shields, E. Togan, A. Trifonov and D. Wildanger for valuable discussions and technical assistance. This work was supported by the NSF, DARPA, the Packard Foundation, the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard CNS. Author contributions: All authors contributed to all aspects of this work.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Smithsonian InstitutionUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Materials physics; Optical physics
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101207-080836989
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Official Citation:Maurer, P. C., J. R. Maze, et al. (2010). "Far-field optical imaging and manipulation of individual spins with nanoscale resolution." Nat Phys 6(11): 912-918.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21202
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 Dec 2010 16:43
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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