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Herschel/HIFI measurements of the ortho/para ratio in water towards Sagittarius B2(M) and W31C

Lis, D. C. and Phillips, T. G. and Bell, T. A. and Emprechtinger, M. and Blake, G. A. and Monje, R. and Zmuidzinas, J. and Lord, S. D. and Morris, P. and Boogert, A. and Karpov, A. and Kooi, J. (2010) Herschel/HIFI measurements of the ortho/para ratio in water towards Sagittarius B2(M) and W31C. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 521 . L26. ISSN 0004-6361. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201015072.

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We present Herschel/HIFI observations of the fundamental rotational transitions of ortho- and para-H_(2)^(16)O and H_(2)^(18)O in absorption towards Sagittarius B2(M) and W31C. The ortho/para ratio in water in the foreground clouds on the line of sight towards these bright continuum sources is generally consistent with the statistical high-temperature ratio of 3, within the observational uncertainties. However, somewhat unexpectedly, we derive a low ortho/para ratio of 2.35 ± 0.35, corresponding to a spin temperature of ~27 K, towards Sagittarius B2(M) at velocities of the expanding molecular ring. Water molecules in this region appear to have formed with, or relaxed to, an ortho/para ratio close to the value corresponding to the local temperature of the gas and dust.

Item Type:Article
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Lis, D. C.0000-0002-0500-4700
Blake, G. A.0000-0003-0787-1610
Kooi, J.0000-0002-6610-0384
Additional Information:© 2010 ESO. Received 28 May 2010; Accepted 18 June 2010; Published online 01 October 2010. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. HIFI has been designed and built by a consortium of institutes and university departments from across Europe, Canada and the United States under the leadership of SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Groningen, The Netherlands and with major contributions from Germany, France and the US. Consortium members are: Canada: CSA, U. Waterloo; France: CESR, LAB, LERMA, IRAM; Germany: KOSMA, MPIfR, MPS; Ireland, NUI Maynooth; Italy: ASI, IFSI-INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri-INAF; Netherlands: SRON, TUD; Poland: CAMK, CBK; Spain: Observatorio Astronomico Nacional (IGN), Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA). Sweden: Chalmers University of Technology-MC2, RSS & GARD; Onsala Space Observatory; Swedish National Space Board, Stockholm University - Stockholm Observatory; Switzerland: ETH Zurich, FHNW; USA: Caltech, JPL, NHSC. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech. D. C. L. is supported by the NSF, award AST-0540882 to the CSO. A portion of this research was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
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Subject Keywords:astrochemistry; ISM: abundances; ISM: molecules; molecular processes; submillimeter: ISM
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101220-113947154
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Official Citation:Herschel/HIFI measurements of the ortho/para ratio in water towards Sagittarius B2(M) and W31C D. C. Lis, T. G. Phillips, P. F. Goldsmith, D. A. Neufeld, E. Herbst, C. Comito, P. Schilke, H. S. P. Müller, E. A. Bergin, M. Gerin, T. A. Bell, M. Emprechtinger, J. H. Black, G. A. Blake, F. Boulanger, E. Caux, C. Ceccarelli, J. Cernicharo, A. Coutens, N. R. Crockett, F. Daniel, E. Dartois, M. De Luca, M.-L. Dubernet, P. Encrenaz, E. Falgarone, T. R. Geballe, B. Godard, T. F. Giesen, J. R. Goicoechea, C. Gry, H. Gupta, P. Hennebelle, P. Hily-Blant, R. Kołos, J. Krełowski, C. Joblin, D. Johnstone, M. Kaźmierczak, S. D. Lord, S. Maret, P. G. Martin, J. Martín-Pintado, G. J. Melnick, K. M. Menten, R. Monje, B. Mookerjea, P. Morris, J. A. Murphy, V. Ossenkopf, J. C. Pearson, M. Pérault, C. Persson, R. Plume, S.-L. Qin, M. Salez, S. Schlemmer, M. Schmidt, P. Sonnentrucker, J. Stutzki, D. Teyssier, N. Trappe, F. F. S. van der Tak, C. Vastel, S. Wang, H. W. Yorke, S. Yu, J. Zmuidzinas, A. Boogert, N. Erickson, A. Karpov, J. Kooi, F. W. Maiwald, R. Schieder and P. Zaal A&A 521 L26 (2010) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201015072
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21440
Deposited On:23 Dec 2010 16:09
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 15:57

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