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Evolution of dust temperature of galaxies through cosmic time as seen by Herschel

Hwang, H. S. and Blain, A. and Bock, J. and Chary, R.-R. and Cooray, A. and Dowell, C. D. and Levenson, L. and Lu, N. and Nguyen, H. T. and Schulz, B. and Shupe, D. L. and Vieira, J. D. and Xu, C. K. and Zemcov, M. (2010) Evolution of dust temperature of galaxies through cosmic time as seen by Herschel. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 409 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We study the dust properties of galaxies in the redshift range 0.1 ≲ z ≲ 2.8 observed by the Herschel Space Observatory in the field of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-North as part of the PACS Extragalactic Probe (PEP) and Herschel Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey (HerMES) key programmes. Infrared (IR) luminosity (L_(IR)) and dust temperature (T_dust) of galaxies are derived from the spectral energy distribution fit of the far-IR (FIR) flux densities obtained with the PACS and SPIRE instruments onboard Herschel. As a reference sample, we also obtain IR luminosities and dust temperatures of local galaxies at z < 0.1 using AKARI and IRAS data in the field of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We compare the L_(IR)–T_dust relation between the two samples and find that the median Tdust of Herschel-selected galaxies at z ≳ 0.5 with L_(IR) ≳ 5 × 10^(10) L_⊙ appears to be 2–5 K colder than that of AKARI-selected local galaxies with similar luminosities, and the dispersion in T_dust for high-z galaxies increases with L_(IR) due to the existence of cold galaxies that are not seen among local galaxies. We show that this large dispersion of the L_(IR)−T_dust relation can bridge the gap between local star-forming galaxies and high-z submillimetre galaxies (SMGs). We also find that three SMGs with very low T_dust (≲20 K) covered in this study have close neighbouring sources with similar 24-μm brightness, which could lead to an overestimation of FIR/(sub)millimetre fluxes of the SMGs.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Blain, A.0000-0001-7489-5167
Bock, J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Chary, R.-R.0000-0001-7583-0621
Cooray, A.0000-0002-3892-0190
Lu, N.0000-0002-8948-1044
Shupe, D. L.0000-0003-4401-0430
Xu, C. K.0000-0002-1588-6700
Zemcov, M.0000-0001-8253-1451
Additional Information:© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 RAS. Accepted 2010 September 3. Received 2010 July 26. Article first published online: 25 Oct. 2010. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. PACS has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by MPE (Germany) and including UVIE (Austria); KU Leuven, CSL, IMEC (Belgium); CEA, LAM (France); MPIA (Germany); INAFIFSI/OAA/OAP/OAT, LENS, SISSA (Italy) and IAC (Spain). This development has been supported by the funding agencies BMVIT (Austria), ESA-PRODEX (Belgium), CEA/CNES (France), DLR (Germany), ASI/INAF (Italy) and CICYT/MCYT (Spain). SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff University (UK) and including University of Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, University of Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCL-MSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK) and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, University of Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy); MCINN (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); STFC (UK) and NASA (USA). The HerMES data were accessed through the HeDaM data base ( operated by CeSAM and hosted by the Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille. This research is based on observations with AKARI, a JAXA project with the participation of ESA. MGL was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government (MEST) (grant no. R01-2007-000-20336-0).
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), TAPIR
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie (BMVIT)UNSPECIFIED
European Space Agency (ESA) PROgramme for the Development of scientific Experiments (PRODEX) (Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)UNSPECIFIED
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)UNSPECIFIED
Comisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología (CICT)UNSPECIFIED
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC)UNSPECIFIED
Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille (LAM)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCINN)UNSPECIFIED
Stockholm ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaR01-2007-000-20336-0
Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia Y Tecnologia (MCYT)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: general; galaxies: highredshift; galaxies: starburst; infrared: galaxies
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110103-110253076
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Hwang, H. S., Elbaz, D., Magdis, G., Daddi, E., Symeonidis, M., Altieri, B., Amblard, A., Andreani, P., Arumugam, V., Auld, R., Aussel, H., Babbedge, T., Berta, S., Blain, A., Bock, J., Bongiovanni, A., Boselli, A., Buat, V., Burgarella, D., Castro-Rodríguez, N., Cava, A., Cepa, J., Chanial, P., Chapin, E., Chary, R.-R., Cimatti, A., Clements, D. L., Conley, A., Conversi, L., Cooray, A., Dannerbauer, H., Dickinson, M., Dominguez, H., Dowell, C. D., Dunlop, J. S., Dwek, E., Eales, S., Farrah, D., Schreiber, N. F., Fox, M., Franceschini, A., Gear, W., Genzel, R., Glenn, J., Griffin, M., Gruppioni, C., Halpern, M., Hatziminaoglou, E., Ibar, E., Isaak, K., Ivison, R. J., Jeong, W.-S., Lagache, G., Le Borgne, D., Le Floc’h, E., Lee, H. M., Lee, J. C., Lee, M. G., Levenson, L., Lu, N., Lutz, D., Madden, S., Maffei, B., Magnelli, B., Mainetti, G., Maiolino, R., Marchetti, L., Mortier, A. M. J., Nguyen, H. T., Nordon, R., O’Halloran, B., Okumura, K., Oliver, S. J., Omont, A., Page, M. J., Panuzzo, P., Papageorgiou, A., Pearson, C. P., Pérez-Fournon, I., García, A. M. P., Poglitsch, A., Pohlen, M., Popesso, P., Pozzi, F., Rawlings, J. I., Rigopoulou, D., Riguccini, L., Rizzo, D., Rodighiero, G., Roseboom, I. G., Rowan-Robinson, M., Saintonge, A., Portal, M. S., Santini, P., Sauvage, M., Schulz, B., Scott, D., Seymour, N., Shao, L., Shupe, D. L., Smith, A. J., Stevens, J. A., Sturm, E., Tacconi, L., Trichas, M., Tugwell, K. E., Vaccari, M., Valtchanov, I., Vieira, J. D., Vigroux, L., Wang, L., Ward, R., Wright, G., Xu, C. K. and Zemcov, M. (2010), Evolution of dust temperature of galaxies through cosmic time as seen by Herschel. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 409: 75–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17645.x
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21541
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:04 Jan 2011 21:17
Last Modified:29 Jan 2020 15:47

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