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Theory of Side-Chain Liquid Crystal Polymers: Bulk Behavior and Chain Conformation

Wang, Rui and Wang, Zhen-Gang (2010) Theory of Side-Chain Liquid Crystal Polymers: Bulk Behavior and Chain Conformation. Macromolecules, 43 (23). 10096-10106 . ISSN 0024-9297. doi:10.1021/ma101805d. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110105-134943048

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Abstract

We study the thermodynamics and chain conformation of side-chain liquid crystal polymers (SCLCPs) in the bulk using the self-consistent-field approach and a new model to account for the coupling between the orientation of the side-chain liquid-crystal (LC) groups and that of the backbone segments. The new model accounts for both a global coupling between the polymer backbone and the nematic field and a local coupling between the polymer backbone and its attached LC group. Here, the terms global and local refer to the chemical (backbone) distance between the groups. A phenomenological parameter is introduced to represent the coupling strength and nature of the attachment, i.e., end-on vs side-on. The nematic field is shown to control the chain conformation through both the global and the local coupling effects. For the side-on SCLCPs, these two coupling effects act cooperatively so that the chain conformation is always prolate. For the end-on SCLCPs, these two effects act competitively. The chain conformation can be either oblate or prolate in this case, and depends on the relative strengths of these two couplings. On the other hand, the chain conformation also affects the nematic field, primarily through the global coupling. The prolate conformation enhances the nematic field and increases the phase transition temperature, whereas the oblate conformation frustrates the nematic field and decreases the transition temperature. The nematic order parameter is found to be determined mainly by the reduced temperature, and is not sensitive to the coupling effects. Furthermore, we show that the grafting density of the LC side groups has a significant effect on the chain conformation due to the orientational competition between the LC attached and unattached segments. For the end-on SCLCPs with lower graft density, the conformation of the chain backbone can be oblate at higher temperatures and prolate at lower temperatures, in agreement with the re-entrant nematic phase observed in experiments.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma101805d DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ma101805dPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wang, Zhen-Gang0000-0002-3361-6114
Additional Information:© 2010 American Chemical Society. Received August 8, 2010; Revised Manuscript Received October 19, 2010. Publication Date (Web): November 16, 2010. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation through MRSEC-CALTECH.
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Issue or Number:23
DOI:10.1021/ma101805d
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110105-134943048
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110105-134943048
Official Citation:Theory of Side-Chain Liquid Crystal Polymers: Bulk Behavior and Chain Conformation Rui Wang, Zhen-Gang Wang Macromolecules 2010 43 (23), 10096-10106
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21608
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Jan 2011 18:29
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 15:58

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