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Herschel/HIFI discovery of interstellar chloronium (H_2Cl^+)

Lis, D. C. and Bell, T. A. and Phillips, T. G. and Blake, G. A. and Boogert, A. and Emprechtinger, M. and Zmuidzinas, J. and Lord, S. D. (2010) Herschel/HIFI discovery of interstellar chloronium (H_2Cl^+). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 521 . Art. No. L9. ISSN 0004-6361.

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We report the first detection of chloronium, H_2Cl^+, in the interstellar medium, using the HIFI instrument aboard the Herschel Space Observatory. The 2_(12)−1_(01) lines of ortho-H^(35)_2 Cl^+ and ortho-H^(37)_2 Cl^+ are detected in absorption towards NGC 6334I, and the 1_(11)−0_(00) transition of para-H^(35)_2 Cl^+ is detected in absorption towards NGC 6334I and Sgr B2(S). The H_2Cl^+ column densities are compared to those of the chemically-related species HCl. The derived HCl/H_2Cl^+ column density ratios, ~1–10, are within the range predicted by models of diffuse and dense photon dominated regions (PDRs). However, the observed H_2Cl^+ column densities, in excess of 10^(13) cm^(−2), are significantly higher than the model predictions. Our observations demonstrate the outstanding spectroscopic capabilities of HIFI for detecting new interstellar molecules and providing key constraints for astrochemical models.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Lis, D. C.0000-0002-0500-4700
Blake, G. A.0000-0003-0787-1610
Additional Information:© 2010 ESO. Received 9 May 2010, Accepted 14 June 2010, Published online 01 October 2010. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. Table 1 and acknowledgments (page 5) are only available in electronic form at HIFI has been designed and built by a consortium of institutes and university departments from across Europe, Canada and the United States under the leadership of SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Groningen, The Netherlands and with major contributions from Germany, France and the US. Consortium members are: Canada: CSA, U. Waterloo; France: CESR, LAB, LERMA, IRAM; Germany: KOSMA, MPIfR, MPS; Ireland, NUI Maynooth; Italy: ASI, IFSI-INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri- INAF; Netherlands: SRON, TUD; Poland: CAMK, CBK; Spain: Observatorio Astronomico Nacional (IGN), Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA). Sweden: Chalmers University of Technology – MC2, RSS & GARD; Onsala Space Observatory; Swedish National Space Board, Stockholm University – Stockholm Observatory; Switzerland: ETH Zurich, FHNW; USA: Caltech, JPL, NHSC. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech. D. C. L. is supported by the NSF, award AST-0540882 to the CSO. A portion of this research was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
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Subject Keywords:astrochemistry – line: identification – ISM: abundances – ISM: molecules – molecular processes – submillimetre: ISM
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110112-105849614
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Official Citation:Herschel/HIFI discovery of interstellar chloronium (H2Cl+) D. C. Lis, J. C. Pearson, D. A. Neufeld, P. Schilke, H. S. P. Müller, H. Gupta, T. A. Bell, C. Comito, T. G. Phillips, E. A. Bergin, C. Ceccarelli, P. F. Goldsmith, G. A. Blake, A. Bacmann, A. Baudry, M. Benedettini, A. Benz, J. Black, A. Boogert, S. Bottinelli, S. Cabrit, P. Caselli, A. Castets, E. Caux, J. Cernicharo, C. Codella, A. Coutens, N. Crimier, N. R. Crockett, F. Daniel, K. Demyk, C. Dominic, M.-L. Dubernet, M. Emprechtinger, P. Encrenaz, E. Falgarone, A. Fuente, M. Gerin, T. F. Giesen, J. R. Goicoechea, F. Helmich, P. Hennebelle, Th. Henning, E. Herbst, P. Hily-Blant, Å. Hjalmarson, D. Hollenbach, T. Jack, C. Joblin, D. Johnstone, C. Kahane, M. Kama, M. Kaufman, A. Klotz, W. D. Langer, B. Larsson, J. Le Bourlot, B. Lefloch, F. Le Petit, D. Li, R. Liseau, S. D. Lord, A. Lorenzani, S. Maret, P. G. Martin, G. J. Melnick, K. M. Menten, P. Morris, J. A. Murphy, Z. Nagy, B. Nisini, V. Ossenkopf, S. Pacheco, L. Pagani, B. Parise, M. Pérault, R. Plume, S.-L. Qin, E. Roueff, M. Salez, A. Sandqvist, P. Saraceno, S. Schlemmer, K. Schuster, R. Snell, J. Stutzki, A. Tielens, N. Trappe, F. F. S. van der Tak, M. H. D. van der Wiel, E. van Dishoeck, C. Vastel, S. Viti, V. Wakelam, A. Walters, S. Wang, F. Wyrowski, H. W. Yorke, S. Yu, J. Zmuidzinas, Y. Delorme, J.-P. Desbat, R. Güsten, J.-M. Krieg and B. Delforge A&A 521 L9 (2010) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201014959
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21728
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:12 Jan 2011 19:35
Last Modified:22 Jan 2020 23:39

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