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A damage-tolerant glass

Demetriou, Marios D. and Launey, Maximilien E. and Garrett, Glenn and Schramm, Joseph P. and Hofmann, Douglas C. and Johnson, William L. and Ritchie, Robert O. (2011) A damage-tolerant glass. Nature Materials, 10 (2). pp. 123-128. ISSN 1476-1122. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110222-091333138

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Abstract

Owing to a lack of microstructure, glassy materials are inherently strong but brittle, and often demonstrate extreme sensitivity to flaws. Accordingly, their macroscopic failure is often not initiated by plastic yielding, and almost always terminated by brittle fracture. Unlike conventional brittle glasses, metallic glasses are generally capable of limited plastic yielding by shear-band sliding in the presence of a flaw, and thus exhibit toughness–strength relationships that lie between those of brittle ceramics and marginally tough metals. Here, a bulk glassy palladium alloy is introduced, demonstrating an unusual capacity for shielding an opening crack accommodated by an extensive shear-band sliding process, which promotes a fracture toughness comparable to those of the toughest materials known. This result demonstrates that the combination of toughness and strength (that is, damage tolerance) accessible to amorphous materials extends beyond the benchmark ranges established by the toughest and strongest materials known, thereby pushing the envelope of damage tolerance accessible to a structural metal.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NMAT2930DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.nature.com/nmat/journal/v10/n2/full/nmat2930.htmlPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 23 September 2010; Accepted 19 November; 2010; Published online 09 January 2011. M.D.D., G.G., J.P.S., D.C.H. and W.L.J. acknowledge support by the MRSEC program of the National Science Foundation under award number DMR-0520565 for the alloy development work. M.E.L. and R.O.R. acknowledge support by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, of the US Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC02-05CH11231 for the fracture-toughness characterization. The contributions of A. Wiest, J-Y. Suh, M. Floyd, C. Crewdson and C. Garland are also acknowledged. Author contributions: M.D.D., M.E.L., W.L.J. and R.O.R. designed the research; M.D.D. developed the alloy; M.D.D., G.G., J.P.S. and D.C.H. characterized the alloy; M.E.L. carried out the mechanical testing; M.D.D., M.E.L., W.L.J. and R.O.R. wrote the manuscript.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC)DMR-0520565
Department of Energy (DOE) Division of Materials Sciences and EngineeringDE-AC02-05CH11231
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110222-091333138
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110222-091333138
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:22399
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Mar 2011 23:38
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 02:37

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