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Dangerous liaisons: The symbiosis of entomopathogenic nematodes and bacteria

Ciche, Todd A. and Darby, Creg and Ehlers, Ralf-Udo and Forst, Steven and Goodrich-Blair, Heidi (2006) Dangerous liaisons: The symbiosis of entomopathogenic nematodes and bacteria. Biological Control, 38 (1). pp. 22-46. ISSN 1049-9644. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2005.11.016.

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Two phylogenetically distinct groups of the entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis and Steinernema, are vectors for enteric insect pathogenic bacteria, Photorhabdus Boemare et al., spp. and Xenorhabdus Poinar and Thomas spp., respectively. The general life-cycles of the two vector-borne diseases of insects are similar, with the infective (i.e., clatter) juvenile (IJ) stage nematode transmitting symbiotic bacteria into the hemocoel of an insect host. Common features of the symbioses are the selective transmission of symbiotic bacteria by IJ nematodes and requirement for the bacteria for pathogenicity to insects and efficient growth and reproduction within the insect cadaver. Genetic and molecular biological tools have recently been applied to elucidate symbiosis-related genes in both bacterial genera, and genome sequences are either completed (Photorhabdus luminescens) or underway (Photorhabdus asymbiotica, Xenorhabdus spp.). Genetic analyses of symbiotic bacteria are revealing intimate interactions among nematode vector, symbiont and insect host that are specific to each symbiosis. Results from these studies and challenges in applying tools and knowledge from the well-studied nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, to entomopathogenic nematodes are the topic of this review.

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Additional Information:© 2005 Elsevier Inc. Received 9 June 2005; accepted 16 November 2005. Available online 19 January 2006.
Subject Keywords:Heterorhabditis; Steinernema; Photorhabdus; Xenorhabdus; Caenorhabditis; mutualism; life-cycle; genetics; RNAi
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110224-142938162
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Official Citation:Todd A. Ciche, Creg Darby, Ralf-Udo Ehlers, Steven Forst, Heidi Goodrich-Blair, Dangerous liaisons: The symbiosis of entomopathogenic nematodes and bacteria, Biological Control, Volume 38, Issue 1, Third International Symposium on Entomopathogenic Nematodes and Symbiotic Bacteria, July 2006, Pages 22-46, ISSN 1049-9644, DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2005.11.016. (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:22495
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:25 Feb 2011 16:46
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 16:05

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