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Where reductionism meets complexity: a call for growth in the study of non-growth

Newman, Dianne K. and Coleman, Maureen L. (2011) Where reductionism meets complexity: a call for growth in the study of non-growth. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 3 (1). pp. 14-15. ISSN 1758-2229. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110307-110335931

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Abstract

With the advent of metagenomics, we have unprecedented access to the genetic blueprint of the microbial world. Yet as metagenomic databases keep growing, our ability to interpret the information contained within them has not kept up. This conundrum arises from the fact that we cannot assign functions to the vast majority of their genes. As Jo Handelsman pointed out in a Crystal Ball piece two years ago, ‘the glory of the last 50 years of microbiology is founded, in large part, on genetic analysis’ (Handelsman, 2009). Amen. Yet as enticing as the prospect of environmental genetics or ‘metagenetics’ seems, how can we hope to interpret the unchartered world of environmental metagenomes when after more than a half-century of rigorous genetic and biochemical analyses, the functions of roughly a quarter of the genes in Escherichia coli – arguably the most well-studied organism on the planet – are still unknown (Karp et al., 2007)? Where have we gone wrong? Perhaps it is time to re-examine our assumptions about how to assign gene functions in light of lessons from the field.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00236.xDOIUNSPECIFIED
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00236.x/abstractPublisherUNSPECIFIED
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Newman, Dianne K.0000-0003-1647-1918
Additional Information:© 2011 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110307-110335931
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110307-110335931
Official Citation:(2011), Crystal ball – 2011. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 3: 1–26. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00236.x
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:22686
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Mar 2011 18:43
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 02:39

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